Larry S Andrews

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Oncogenicity studies of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) vapor were conducted in CD-1 mice and Fischer 344 rats. Fifty animals of each sex per species per group were exposed for 6 h a day, 5 days per week to 0 (control), 400, 3000 and 8000 ppm MTBE vapor in air for 18 months (mice) and 24 months (rats). Both species showed reversible central nervous(More)
Groups of 70 male and 70 female Charles River CD-1 mice were exposed whole body to styrene vapor at 0, 20, 40, 80 or 160 ppm 6 h per day 5 days per week for 98 weeks (females) or 104 weeks (males). The mice were observed daily; body weights, food and water consumption were measured periodically, a battery of hematological and clinical pathology examinations(More)
Groups of 70 male and 70 female Charles River CD (Sprague-Dawley-derived) rats were exposed whole body to styrene vapor at 0, 50, 200, 500, or 1000 ppm 6 h/day 5 days/week for 104 weeks. The rats were observed daily, body weights and food and water consumption were measured periodically, and a battery of hematologic and clinical pathology examinations was(More)
Methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE) is a commonly used octane booster in gasoline. This study examines the pharmacokinetics and disposition of MTBE in Fischer-344 rats after i.v., oral, dermal and inhalation routes of administration. Groups of male and female rats were given single i.v. (40 mg kg-1), oral (40 and 400 mg kg-1) and dermal (40 and 400 mg kg-1 in(More)
Groups of 10 male and 10 female Charles River (CRL) CD (Sprague-Dawley-derived) rats were exposed to styrene vapor at 0, 200, 500, 1000, or 1500 ppm 6 hr per day 5 days per week for 13 weeks. Styrene had no effect on survival, hematology, or clinical chemistry. Males at 1500 ppm weighed 10% less after 13 weeks and males and females at 1000 and 1500 ppm(More)
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) is an oxygenate that is added to gasoline to boost octane and enhance combustion, thereby reducing carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon tailpipe emissions. The acute and subchronic neurotoxicity of MTBE were evaluated in rats using a functional observation battery (FOB), measures of motor activity (MA) and a neuropathological(More)
Pregnant CD-1 mice (30 per group) and female New Zealand White rabbits (15 per group) were exposed by inhalation to 0, 1000, 4000 and 8000 ppm methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) vapor for 6 h a day during gestational days (GD) 6-15 and 6-18, respectively. Maternal body weights, clinical observations and food consumption were recorded throughout gestation(More)
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) is one of the highest production volume chemicals in the USA. Previous results from in vitro genetic toxicity studies suggested that it was not mutagenic. However, chronic exposure at high levels resulted in liver tumors in female mice and kidney tumors in male rats. The current program assessed in vivo genotoxicity and(More)
Mice are particularly sensitive to respiratory tract toxicity following styrene exposure. Inhalation of styrene by mice results in cytotoxicity in terminal bronchioles, followed by increased incidence of bronchioloalveolar tumors, as well as degeneration and atrophy of nasal olfactory epithelium. In rats, no effects on terminal bronchioles are seen, but(More)