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BACKGROUND The Wales National Exercise Referral Scheme (NERS) is a 16-week programme including motivational interviewing, goal setting and relapse prevention. METHOD A pragmatic randomised controlled trial with nested economic evaluation of 2160 inactive participants with coronary heart disease risk (CHD, 1559, 72%), mild to moderate depression, anxiety(More)
BACKGROUND The benefits to health of a physically active lifestyle are well established and there is evidence that a sedentary lifestyle plays a significant role in the onset and progression of chronic disease. Despite a recognised need for effective public health interventions encouraging sedentary people with a medical condition to become more active,(More)
It is increasingly important to optimally select base stations in the design of cellular networks, as customers demand cheaper and better wireless services. From a set of potential site locations, a subset needs to be selected which optimizes two critical objectives: service coverage and financial cost. As this is an NP-hard optimization problem, heuristic(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine school-level relationships between deprivation and breakfast eating behaviours (breakfast skipping and the healthfulness of foods consumed) in 9-11-year-old schoolchildren and to examine whether attitudes towards eating breakfast mediated these relationships. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING One hundred and eleven primary(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study evaluated the impact of a national school programme of universal free healthy breakfast provision in Wales, UK. DESIGN A cluster randomised controlled trial with repeated cross-sectional design and a 12-month follow-up. Primary outcomes were breakfast skipping, breakfast diet and episodic memory. Secondary outcomes were(More)
BACKGROUND A recent HTA review concluded that there was a need for RCTs of exercise referral schemes (ERS) for people with a medical diagnosis who might benefit from exercise. Overall, there is still uncertainty as to the cost-effectiveness of ERS. Evaluation of public health interventions places challenges on conventional health economics approaches. This(More)