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This paper presents a comprehensive framework for describing the diffusion of the Internet in a country. It incorporates insights gained from in-depth studies of about 25 countries undertaken since 1997. The framework characterizes diffusion using six dimensions, defining them in detail, and examines how the six dimensions relate to underlying bodies of(More)
If the 1, be considered a market ph'enome-" on, with sustained double-digit growth and no apparent end in sight to the upward spiral. Recent lnrernet numbers arc stunning. an impressive 69% increase j7]. Over 70 countries have full TCP/IP Internet connectivity, and about 150 have at least e-mail services through IP or via more limited forms of connectivity(More)
The idea of a National Information Infrastructure (NII) is in the air. The Clinton ad-? ministration feels the NII can "transform the lives of the ~ >; American people" [5], and NII has made the covers of ;~v~j Time and Newsweek. 1 The NII is old hat to members of the computer science corn-! munity. We have had the , Internet, a global information(More)
Early experiences with Web-based groupware point to new collaboration opportunities within and between organizations. We report the results of a study of more than 100 organizations that have used Web-based groupware to understand better how they are using it and what advantages and disadvantages they have experienced. We then use these data to develop a(More)
E veryone knows the Internet is growing rapidly, but measuring that growth with a degree of precision is difficult. At first it was easy to follow network diffusion. The Arpanet Completion Report [2] contains maps, topology diagrams, and traffic and performance statistics beginning with a sparse 4-link map drawn in 1969 and running through 1975 when the(More)
T he good news is that the Inter-net has grown like a weed, and many welcome it as a tool for productivity and enlightenment; the bad news is that it is almost unknown in developing nations (see Table 1). This column offers the hypothesis that computer networks can improve life in developing nations at a relatively low cost. Dimensions of Development "(More)
The personal computer has become my most important communication tool. I spend more time/ on the Net, a the Internet and the global network (to which it is connected, than I do on the phone, writing letters, sending faxes and watching television put together. The only medium where I may spend more time is print. In the last two or three years the Net has(More)
M any federal agencies have contributed to the development of networking, but the work of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the Department of Defense, and the National Science Foundation (NSF), stands out. The ARPANET established the feasibility of an efficient packet-switching network (a controversial idea in the 1960s), and provided a(More)
un,n~ prrdIclIr)g personal c<]mput. CI'S would democratize computer sc,ence research [8, 9] Those COI. umrls ~ere In,p,red by the 1983 ACM (.conference on Personal a " d Small Computers, wbere 1 nottced that North Dakot~ State Un~verslty has exper,ment,ng w,th rn " hlproc-essor hardware and operatl " g sys terns Rc~carchers dld not need MIT-sLzed grants,(More)