Larry P. Walker

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The activities of six purified Thermomonospora fusca cellulases and Trichoderma reesei CBHI and CBHII were determined on filter paper, swollen cellulose, and CMC. A simple method to measure the soluble and insoluble reducing sugar products from the hydrolysis of filter paper was found to effectively distinguish between exocellulases and endocellulases.(More)
Genome-scale metabolic models are built using information from an organism's annotated genome and, correspondingly, information on reactions catalyzed by the set of metabolic enzymes encoded by the genome. These models have been successfully applied to guide metabolic engineering to increase production of metabolites of industrial interest. Congruity(More)
We quantified both DNA and humic acid concentrations during the extraction and purification of DNA from compost. The DNA extraction method consisted of bead-beating with SDS for cell lysis, poly(ethylene glycol)-8000 precipitation for preliminary DNA purification, and chromatography on a 10-ml Sephadex G-200 column for final DNA purification. Direct(More)
Developing enzyme cocktails for cellulosic biomass hydrolysis complementary to current cellulase systems is a critical step needed for economically viable biofuels production. Recent genomic analysis indicates that some plant pathogenic fungi are likely a largely untapped resource in which to prospect for novel hydrolytic enzymes for biomass conversion. In(More)
BACKGROUND The discovery and development of novel plant cell wall degrading enzymes is a key step towards more efficient depolymerization of polysaccharides to fermentable sugars for the production of liquid transportation biofuels and other bioproducts. The industrial fungus Trichoderma reesei is known to be highly cellulolytic and is a major industrial(More)
Net fluxes of NH(4) (+) and NO(3) (-) into roots of 7-day-old barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Prato) seedlings varied both with position along the root axis and with time. These variations were not consistent between replicate plants; different roots showed unique temporal and spatial patterns of uptake. Axial scans of NH(4) (+) and NO(3) (-) net fluxes were(More)
An inexpensive source of active cellulases is critical to efficient and cost-effective conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol. Transgenic plants expressing foreign cellulases are potential sources of cellulases for biomass conversion. A number of foreign proteins have been reported to accumulate to high levels when the transgene is incorporated(More)
Abstract The initial phase of composting is the most dynamic part of the process and is characterized by rapid increases in temperature, large swings in pH, and the degradation of simple organic compounds. DNA samples were taken from an active compost system to determine the microbial 16S rRNA gene sequences that were present during this phase. We observed(More)
Efforts to improve the computational reconstruction of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae biochemical reaction network and to refine the stoichiometrically constrained metabolic models that can be derived from such a reconstruction have continued since the first stoichiometrically constrained yeast genome scale metabolic model was published in 2003. Continuing(More)
Elucidating the molecular mechanisms that govern synergism is important for the rational engineering of cellulase mixtures. Our goal was to observe how varying the loading molar ratio of cellulases in a binary mixture and the recalcitrance of the cellulose to enzymatic degradation influenced the degree of synergistic effect (DSE) and degree of synergistic(More)