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The activities of six purified Thermomonospora fusca cellulases and Trichoderma reesei CBHI and CBHII were determined on filter paper, swollen cellulose, and CMC. A simple method to measure the soluble and insoluble reducing sugar products from the hydrolysis of filter paper was found to effectively distinguish between exocellulases and endocellulases.(More)
We quantified both DNA and humic acid concentrations during the extraction and purification of DNA from compost. The DNA extraction method consisted of bead-beating with SDS for cell lysis, poly(ethylene glycol)-8000 precipitation for preliminary DNA purification, and chromatography on a 10-ml Sephadex G-200 column for final DNA purification. Direct(More)
Net fluxes of NH(4) (+) and NO(3) (-) into roots of 7-day-old barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Prato) seedlings varied both with position along the root axis and with time. These variations were not consistent between replicate plants; different roots showed unique temporal and spatial patterns of uptake. Axial scans of NH(4) (+) and NO(3) (-) net fluxes were(More)
Genome-scale metabolic models are built using information from an organism's annotated genome and, correspondingly, information on reactions catalyzed by the set of metabolic enzymes encoded by the genome. These models have been successfully applied to guide metabolic engineering to increase production of metabolites of industrial interest. Congruity(More)
BACKGROUND The discovery and development of novel plant cell wall degrading enzymes is a key step towards more efficient depolymerization of polysaccharides to fermentable sugars for the production of liquid transportation biofuels and other bioproducts. The industrial fungus Trichoderma reesei is known to be highly cellulolytic and is a major industrial(More)
An inexpensive source of active cellulases is critical to efficient and cost-effective conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol. Transgenic plants expressing foreign cellulases are potential sources of cellulases for biomass conversion. A number of foreign proteins have been reported to accumulate to high levels when the transgene is incorporated(More)
Abstract The initial phase of composting is the most dynamic part of the process and is characterized by rapid increases in temperature, large swings in pH, and the degradation of simple organic compounds. DNA samples were taken from an active compost system to determine the microbial 16S rRNA gene sequences that were present during this phase. We observed(More)
Partial least squares (PLS) regression modeling was used to relate the antifungal activity of Bacillus subtilis solid-state fermentation extracts to the individual high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) peaks from those extracts. A model was developed that predicted bioassay inhibition based on the extract HPLC profile (R(2) = 0.99). Concentrations(More)
The hyperthermophilic bacterium, Thermotoga neapolitana, has potential for use in biological hydrogen (H(2)) production. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the fermentation stoichiometry of Thermotoga neapolitana and examine H(2) production at various growth temperatures, (2) investigate the effect of oxygen (O(2)) on H(2) production, and(More)
Nonylphenols (NPs) have been identified as xenoestrogens and have been found at high concentrations in Canadian and European biosolids. While nonylphenol polyethoxylates (NPEOs) are being phased out and regulated in several European countries, there is currently no regulation of these compounds in the United States, and little information is available(More)