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PURPOSE Recent studies have shown that confocal imaging of second harmonic-generated (SHG) signals can detect corneal collagen organization. The purpose of this study was to assess whether SHG signals can detect differences in corneal fibrosis after excimer laser surface ablation (photorefractive keratectomy [PRK]). METHODS Rabbits received 9-D PRK in one(More)
Mammalian tissues calcify with age and injury. Analogous to bone formation, osteogenic cells are thought to be recruited to the affected tissue and induce mineralization. In the heart, calcification of cardiac muscle leads to conduction system disturbances and is one of the most common pathologies underlying heart blocks. However the cell identity and(More)
DNA methylation is a major epigenetic modification regulating several biological processes. A standard approach to measure DNA methylation is bisulfite sequencing (BS-Seq). BS-Seq couples bisulfite conversion of DNA with next-generation sequencing to profile genome-wide DNA methylation at single base resolution. The analysis of BS-Seq data involves the use(More)
We have investigated transcriptional and epigenetic differences in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of monozygotic female twins discordant in the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Exploring DNA methylation differences by reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS), we determined that, over time, the ALS twin developed higher(More)
  • Henry M Olivera-Perez, Larry Lam, +9 authors Milan Fiala
  • 2017
Mϕs of patients with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are defective in amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ) phagocytosis and have low resistance to apoptosis by Aβ. ω-3 in vitro and in vivo and the ω-3 mediator, resolvin D1, in vitro increase Aβ phagocytosis by Mϕs of patients with MCI. We have investigated the unfolded protein response (UPR) to(More)
Sporadic ALS patients display heterogeneous immune pathways in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We tested nine sALS patients and one unaffected identical twin of an index case by RNA-Seq of PBMCs. The inflammatory patients (n = 3) clustered into a subset with an inflammatory Th1/Th17 signature and the non-inflammatory patients (n = 7) into(More)
Astrocytes respond to a variety of CNS injuries by cellular enlargement, process outgrowth, and upregulation of extracellular matrix proteins that function to prevent expansion of the injured region. This astrocytic response, though critical to the acute injury response, results in the formation of a glial scar that inhibits neural repair. Scar-forming(More)
We have evaluated the ocular irritancy potential of an unknown environmental contaminant, para-toluene sulfonic acid (pTSA), compared with that of known irritants, 5% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and 10% acetic acid (AA), using a simplified, ex vivo rabbit eye test modified to measure cytotoxicity as a mechanistic correlate to the Draize rabbit eye test.(More)
The genetic origins of chemotherapy resistance are well established; however, the role of epigenetics in drug resistance is less well understood. To investigate mechanisms of drug resistance, we performed systematic genetic, epigenetic, and transcriptomic analyses of an alkylating agent-sensitive murine lymphoma cell line and a series of resistant lines(More)
—In this paper, we explore control theory as a solution to stop epidemic outbreaks in networks. Control theory deals with the behavior of dynamical systems, specifically networks in this case. We investigate the process of finding sets of nodes required to control a network, and applying an input to these nodes in order to drive the system from a given(More)
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