Larry K. Kvols

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BACKGROUND Temozolomide is an active agent in metastatic pancreatic endocrine carcinomas. In vitro data indicate that the combination of capecitabine and temozolomide is synergistic for induction of apoptosis in neuroendocrine tumor cell lines. The authors retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of capecitabine and temozolomide in 30 patients with metastatic(More)
UNLABELLED Nephrotoxicity is the major limiting factor during therapy with the radiolabeled somatostatin analog (90)Y-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-d-Phe(1)-Tyr(3)-octreotide (DOTATOC). Pretherapeutic assessment of kidney absorbed dose could help to minimize the risk of renal toxicity. The aim of this study was to(More)
Forty-five patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors were treated with a regimen of etoposide 130 mg/m2/d for 3 days plus cisplatin 45 mg/m2/d on days 2 and 3. Both drugs were given by continuous intravenous infusion. Among 27 patients with well-differentiated carcinoid tumors or islet cell carcinomas, only two partial objective tumor regressions were(More)
PURPOSE No established treatment exists for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET) progression after failure of chemotherapy. Everolimus (RAD001), an oral inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin, in combination with octreotide has demonstrated encouraging antitumor activity in patients with NETs. PATIENTS AND METHODS This open-label, phase II study(More)
This consensus report gives a detailed description of the use of somatostatin analogs in the management of neuroendocrine tumors of the gastroenteropancreatic system. As background information we have outlined critical aspects of the pathology, the use of tumor markers, a definition of functional and non-functional digestive neuroendocrine tumors, different(More)
Extrapulmonary poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas can originate in the gastrointestinal tract, bladder, cervix, and prostate. These high-grade malignancies are characterized by aggressive histological features (high mitotic rate, extensive necrosis, and nuclear atypia) and a poor clinical prognosis. They are infrequently associated with(More)
The challenge for internal therapy is to deliver the highest possible dose to the tumor while sparing normal organs from damage. Currently, the potential risk of kidney and red marrow toxicity limits the amount of radioactivity that may be administered. An accurate dosimetry method that would provide reliable dose estimates to these critical organs and to(More)
Because the role of chemotherapy, interferon, or somatostatin analogs as antiproliferative agents is uncertain, currently few treatment options exist for patients with metastatic or inoperable gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET). Fifty-eight patients with somatostatin receptor-positive GEP-NET were treated in a phase I dose-escalating(More)
BACKGROUND Metastatic neuroendocrine malignancies frequently cause incapacitating endocrinopathies, and metastases predominant in the liver. Hepatic resection of metastases from such tumors is attractive because the natural history of neuroendocrine tumors is protracted, clinical severity of the endocrinopathy correlates with tumor volume, and local and(More)
BACKGROUND The carcinoid syndrome is a rare cause of acquired valvular heart disease. Although the typical echocardiographic features of carcinoid heart disease are well recognized, this large series provides new information about unusual manifestations of the disease as well as the role of Doppler echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Between 1980 and(More)