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OBJECTIVE To develop protocols to photograph and evaluate retinal vascular abnormalities in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study; to test reproducibility of the grading system; and to explore the relationship of these microvascular changes with blood pressure. DESIGN Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Among 4(More)
OBJECTIVE Narrowed retinal arterioles may independently predict cardiovascular disease. We describe a computer-assisted method to measure retinal vessel diameters from digitized fundus photographs in a large population, and examine the correlation of retinal vessel diameters between eyes and whether refractive errors affect these measurements. DESIGN AND(More)
A new system for grading age-related maculopathy is described and measures of reliability are reported. A number of characteristics of age-related maculopathy are graded in a semiquantitative fashion from stereoscopic 30 degrees color fundus photographs, using a grid to define subfields, standard circles printed on plastic to assess size and area, and a(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence of early age-related maculopathy (ARM) and its relation to atherosclerosis, lipids, hypertension, and inflammatory factors in a population studied for cardiovascular disease risk factors and outcomes. DESIGN Population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS A biracial population of 2361 adults (ranging from 69-97 years of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the persistence of the original treatment effects 10 years after the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) in the follow-up Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study. In the DCCT, intensive therapy aimed at near-normal glycemia reduced the risk of microvascular complications of type 1 diabetes(More)
We measured retinal vessel diameter before and after panretinal photocoagulation in 59 eyes with diabetic retinopathy and moderate to severe optic disk neovascularization. Treatment significantly reduced mean arteriolar and venular diameter. The diameter of the retinal arterioles after treatment correlated significantly with the amount of regression in disk(More)
Background/Purpose. Recent findings suggest that an objective assessment of retinal vessel caliber from fundus photographs provide information about the association of microvascular characteristics with macrovascular disease. Current methods used to quantify retinal vessel caliber, introduced by Parr(1,2) and Hubbard,(3) are not independent of scale and are(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a fundus photographic severity scale for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS In the Age-Related Eye Disease Study, stereoscopic color fundus photographs were taken at baseline, at the 2-year follow-up visit, and annually thereafter. Photographs were graded for drusen characteristics (size, type, area), pigmentary(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this report is to describe the prevalence of retinopathy and its associations with atherosclerosis and vascular risk factors in people with diabetes. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Persons with diabetes, having gradable fundus photographs, from a biracial population-based cohort of adults (ages 51-72 years), and living in(More)
Stereoscopic fundus photography of seven fields has become standard procedure for detecting diabetic retinopathy. However, the question has arisen as to whether adequate detection of retinopathy can be achieved with fewer fields. This question was investigated in a population-based study of 2694 diabetic persons. Retinopathy levels derived from the detailed(More)