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Notch signaling dictates cell fate and critically influences cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in metazoans. Multiple factors at each step-ligands, receptors, signal transducers and effectors-play critical roles in executing the pleiotropic effects of Notch signaling. Ligand-binding results in proteolytic cleavage of Notch receptors to(More)
cDNA clones encoding three classes of human actins have been isolated and characterized. The first two classes (gamma and beta, cytoplasmic actins) were obtained from a cDNA library constructed from simian virus 40-transformed human fibroblast mRNA, and the third class (alpha, muscle actin) was obtained from a cDNA library constructed from adult human(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox), a cardiotoxic antineoplastic drug, disrupts the cardiac-specific program of gene expression (Kurabayashi, M., Dutta, S., Jeyaseelan, R., and Kedes, L. (1995) Mol. Cell. Biol. 15, 6386-6397; Jeyaseelan, R., Poizat, C., Wu, H. Y., and Kedes, L. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 5828-5832). To determine whether this drug might interfere with the(More)
PCAF is a histone acetyltransferase that associates with p300/CBP and competes with E1A for access to them. While exogenous expression of PCAF potentiates both MyoD-directed transcription and myogenic differentiation, PCAF inactivation by anti-PCAF antibody microinjection prevents differentiation. MyoD interacts directly with both p300/CBP and PCAF, forming(More)
p300/CBP and PCAF coactivators have acetyltransferase activities and regulate transcription, cell cycle progression, and differentiation. They are both required for MyoD activity and muscle differentiation. Nevertheless, their roles must be different since the acetyltransferase activity of PCAF but not of p300 is involved in controlling myogenic(More)
We describe a functional and biochemical link between the myogenic activator MyoD, the deacetylase HDAC1, and the tumor suppressor pRb. Interaction of MyoD with HDAC1 in undifferentiated myoblasts mediates repression of muscle-specific gene expression. Prodifferentiation cues, mimicked by serum removal, induce both downregulation of HDAC1 protein and pRb(More)
OBJECTIVES The effects of direct intramyocardial injection of the plasmid encoding vascular endothelial growth factor (phVEGF165) in the border zone of myocardial infarct tissue in rat hearts were investigated. BACKGROUND Controversy exists concerning the ability of VEGF to induce angiogenesis and enhance coronary flow in the myocardium. METHODS(More)
We have constructed a mammalian expression vector consisting of 3 kilobases of the human beta-actin gene 5' flanking sequence plus 5' untranslated region and intervening sequence 1 linked at the 3' splice site to a short DNA polylinker sequence containing unique Sal I, HindIII, and BamHI restriction endonuclease sites followed by a simian virus 40 (SV40)(More)
Tropomodulin is a tropomyosin-binding protein that terminates "pointed-end" actin filament polymerization. To test the hypothesis that regulation of tropomodulin:actin filament stoichiometry is critical for maintenance of actin filament length, tropomodulin levels were altered in cells by infection with recombinant adenoviral expression vectors, which(More)
The accumulation of the cytoskeletal beta- and gamma-actin mRNAs was determined in a variety of mouse tissues and organs. The beta-isoform is always expressed in excess of the gamma-isoform. However, the molar ratio of beta- to gamma-actin mRNA varies from 1.7 in kidney and testis to 12 in sarcomeric muscle to 114 in liver. We conclude that, whereas the(More)