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Standardized and reproducible preclinical models that recapitulate the dynamics of prostate cancer are urgently needed. We established a bank of transplantable patient-derived prostate cancer xenografts that capture the biologic and molecular heterogeneity currently confounding prognostication and therapy development. Xenografts preserved the(More)
Registration of histological slices to volumetric imaging of the prostate is an important task that can be used to optimize imaging for cancer detection. Such registration is challenging due to physical changes of the specimen during excision and fixation, and misalignment of the histological slices during preparation and digital scanning. In this work, we(More)
Prostate segmentation in B-mode images is a challenging task even when done manually by experts. In this paper we propose a 3D automatic prostate segmentation algorithm which makes use of information from both ultrasound B-mode and vibro-elastography data.We exploit the high contrast to noise ratio of vibro-elastography images of the prostate, in addition(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that cyclin D1, an upstream regulator of the Rb/E2F pathway, is an essential component of the ErbB2/Ras (but not the Wnt/Myc) oncogenic pathway in the mammary epithelium. However, the role of specific E2fs for ErbB2/Ras-mediated mammary tumorigenesis remains unknown. Here, we show that in the majority of mouse and human(More)
A new robotic system for trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is described. The system consists of three main parts: a robotic probe manip-ulator (robot), an ultrasound machine with a biplane TRUS probe, and control and image processing software. A review of prior use of TRUS during prostatectomy is(More)
In this study we evaluated a new method for registering three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) data to external coordinate systems. First, 3DUS was registered to the stereo endoscope of a da Vinci Surgical System by placing a registration tool against an air-tissue boundary so that the 3DUS could image ultrasound fiducials while the stereo endoscope could(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), particularly dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) imaging, has shown great potential in prostate cancer diagnosis and staging. In the current practice of DCE-MRI, diagnosis is based on quantitative parameters extracted from the series of T1-weighted images acquired after the injection of a contrast agent. To calculate these(More)
A common challenge when performing surface-based registration of images is ensuring that the surfaces accurately represent consistent anatomical boundaries. Image segmentation may be difficult in some regions due to either poor contrast, low slice resolution, or tissue ambiguities. To address this, we present a novel non-rigid surface registration method(More)