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Cricket frogs (Acris crepitans) from several different sites in Illinois were collected to assess the effects of environmental contamination on the prevalence of intersex gonads. Of 341 frogs collected in 1993, 1994, and 1995, 2.7% were intersex individuals. There was no statistically significant relationship between the chemical compounds detected and(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants which decrease serum thyroxine (T4) concentrations. We have previously demonstrated that neonatal hypothyroidism in the rat increases Sertoli cell numbers, adult testis weight, and daily sperm production (DSP). The aim of this study was to determine if neonatal PCB treatment(More)
Each environmental exposure matrix contains a unique mixture of PCB congeners. Since several congener types have multiple and distinct biological actions, it is important to characterize congener profiles in exposure sources. The Fox River Environment and Diet Study (FRIENDS) is assessing the human health effects of consumption of PCB-contaminated fish from(More)
A series of studies were performed to examine the effects of various PCB congeners [3,4,3',4'-TCB (PCB77), 2,5,2',5'-TCB (PCB52), 4' OH-2,4,6-TCB (OHPCB)] and a complex PCB mixture (Aroclor 1242; A1242) on the weights and patterns of cell proliferation of immature rat uteri in vivo and the effects of A1242 on gonadotropin release by dispersed anterior(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with the labile 2,3,6-substitution are important components of atmospheric and certain food chain exposures, but little is known about their biological activities. Chlorobiphenyl 110 (2,3,3',4',6-pentaCB) was investigated in weanling female rats dosed ip on days 21 and 22 and killed on day 23 of age. The initial preparation(More)
Subsurface soil from a National Priorities List landfill containing about 2.5% polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was extracted and the extract cleaned by Florisil slurry and alumina column chromatography. The refined extract contained 48 mg/mL PCB, mainly trichlorobiphenyls and tetrachlorobiphenyls, traces of polychlorinated naphthalenes, 125 micrograms/mL(More)
BACKGROUND Different PCB congeners and different mixtures of congeners have been demonstrated to have different biological actions. More complete characterization of congener profiles in exposure sources may assist in predicting health outcomes. METHODS Thirty-six (36) polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners were measured by gas chromatography(More)
High exposure to the acrylamide monomer has been associated with neuropathy and neurotoxic effects. Chronic lower exposure causes endocrine disruption associated with thyroid, testicular, and mammary tumors. To investigate mechanisms of endocrine disruption, short-term, low-level oral dosing studies were conducted. Weanling female Fischer 344 rats were(More)