Larry G Hansen

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Perinatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixtures or to certain ortho-substituted PCB congeners dramatically reduces circulating thyroxine (T4) concentrations. It is not clear whether perinatal exposure to coplanar PCBs or 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has a similar effect. In this study, time-mated Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed(More)
Cricket frogs (Acris crepitans) from several different sites in Illinois were collected to assess the effects of environmental contamination on the prevalence of intersex gonads. Of 341 frogs collected in 1993, 1994, and 1995, 2.7% were intersex individuals. There was no statistically significant relationship between the chemical compounds detected and(More)
A series of studies were performed to examine the effects of various PCB congeners [3,4,3',4'-TCB (PCB77), 2,5,2',5'-TCB (PCB52), 4' OH-2,4,6-TCB (OHPCB)] and a complex PCB mixture (Aroclor 1242; A1242) on the weights and patterns of cell proliferation of immature rat uteri in vivo and the effects of A1242 on gonadotropin release by dispersed anterior(More)
Each environmental exposure matrix contains a unique mixture of PCB congeners. Since several congener types have multiple and distinct biological actions, it is important to characterize congener profiles in exposure sources. The Fox River Environment and Diet Study (FRIENDS) is assessing the human health effects of consumption of PCB-contaminated fish from(More)
Ryanodine receptor isoforms are expressed in both excitable and nonexcitable tissues where they form microsomal Ca2+ release channels broadly involved in shaping cellular signaling. In this report, we provide a detailed structure-activity relationship (SAR) for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and metabolites necessary for enhancing ryanodine(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants which decrease serum thyroxine (T4) concentrations. We have previously demonstrated that neonatal hypothyroidism in the rat increases Sertoli cell numbers, adult testis weight, and daily sperm production (DSP). The aim of this study was to determine if neonatal PCB treatment(More)
Time-mated Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to PCB 28 (2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl), 8 or 32 mg/kg/day; PCB 118 (2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl), 4 or 16 mg/kg/day; or PCB 153 (2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl), 16 or 64 mg/kg/day. At weaning, serum thyroxine (T4) was markedly depressed in pups, but not dams, exposed to PCB 118 or 153. Triiodothyronine (T3)(More)
High exposure to the acrylamide monomer has been associated with neuropathy and neurotoxic effects. Chronic lower exposure causes endocrine disruption associated with thyroid, testicular, and mammary tumors. To investigate mechanisms of endocrine disruption, short-term, low-level oral dosing studies were conducted. Weanling female Fischer 344 rats were(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCBs) are global environmental contaminants that cause disruption of the endocrine system in humans and wildlife. Recently, we reported that acute exposures to ortho-PCB congeners 95 (2,3,6-2',5') or 101 (2,4,5,-2',5') causes changes in the performance of the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid (HPT)-axis in developing rats(More)
BACKGROUND Different PCB congeners and different mixtures of congeners have been demonstrated to have different biological actions. More complete characterization of congener profiles in exposure sources may assist in predicting health outcomes. METHODS Thirty-six (36) polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners were measured by gas chromatography(More)