Larry E. Westerman

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During infection of a new host, the first surfaces encountered by herpes simplex viruses are the apical membranes of epithelial cells of mucosal surfaces. These cells are highly polarized, and the protein composition of their apical and basolateral membranes are very different, so that different viral entry pathways have evolved for each surface. To(More)
Although rotavirus infections are generally considered to be confined to the intestine, recent reports suggest that extraintestinal disease occurs. We studied whether rotavirus infection was associated with antigenemia during a major outbreak of gastroenteritis in the Kingston metropolitan area, during July-August 2003. Rotavirus antigen was identified in(More)
We examined sera from 42 patients 1 to 30 months of age for rotavirus immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgA, IgG, and IgG subclasses and sought to determine if serum antibody could serve as a reliable marker for prediction of disease severity. Infants in the first few months of life usually had high maternal IgG titers and, when they were infected with rotavirus, had(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-encoded glycoproteins bind peptide antigens through non-covalent interactions to generate complexes that are displayed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells (APC) for recognition by T cells. Peptide-binding site occupancy is necessary for stable assembly of newly synthesized MHC proteins and export from the(More)
BACKGROUND CD4 count is used to determine antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility. In China, flow cytometers are mostly located in urban areas with limited access by patients residing in remote areas. In an attempt to address this issue, we conducted a study to validate the performance of Alere PIMA point-of-care CD4 analyzer. METHODS Venous and(More)
INTRODUCTION Point-of-care (POC) CD4 testing can improve access to treatment by enabling decentralization and reducing patient loss-to-follow-up. As new POC CD4 technologies become available, their performance should be assessed before widespread deployment. This study reports the findings of five independent evaluations of the PointCare NOW CD4 system. (More)
We evaluated the protective role of passively transferred circulating antibodies in protecting non-human primates against experimental rotavirus infection. Pooled sera with rotavirus-specific IgG titers that were either high (1:10,000), intermediate (1:300), or negative (< 1:25) were infused i.v. into naive pigtailed macaques (ages 3-6 months).(More)
The ability of intact protein antigens to bind to purified class II histocompatibility molecules was investigated. Intact bovine ribonuclease (RNase) inhibited peptide binding to DR1 with a potency similar to that of a high affinity peptide or irreversibly denatured RNase. Similarly, horse myoglobin (Mb) was a potent inhibitor of peptide binding to I-E(k).(More)
PURPOSE Although cord blood surveillance can measure the effectiveness of nevirapine (NVP)-based programs for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT), it requires the ability to detect nevirapine in plasma. At present, the only validated method is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), a technique poorly suited for most(More)
Several approaches have been taken to enhance the immunogenicity of tumors. Genetically-modified tumors expressing various cytokines, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules, or costimulatory molecules such as B7-1 (CD80) or B7-2 (CD86) can induce tumor-specific immune responses. In the present study, an alternative approach was explored based on(More)