Larry E. Westerman

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Although rotavirus infections are generally considered to be confined to the intestine, recent reports suggest that extraintestinal disease occurs. We studied whether rotavirus infection was associated with antigenemia during a major outbreak of gastroenteritis in the Kingston metropolitan area, during July-August 2003. Rotavirus antigen was identified in(More)
BACKGROUND The Alere point-of-care (POC) Pima™ CD4 analyzer allows for decentralized testing and expansion to testing antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility. A consortium conducted a pooled multi-data technical performance analysis of the Pima CD4. METHODS Primary data (11,803 paired observations) comprised 22 independent studies between 2009-2012 from(More)
During infection of a new host, the first surfaces encountered by herpes simplex viruses are the apical membranes of epithelial cells of mucosal surfaces. These cells are highly polarized, and the protein composition of their apical and basolateral membranes are very different, so that different viral entry pathways have evolved for each surface. To(More)
To effectively analyze the requirements for protection to rotavirus infection, a reliable animal model that reasonably mimics infection and disease in humans is needed. A requirement for an effective animal model is the availability of appropriate rotavirus stocks for challenge. A new simian rotavirus, designated YK-1, was isolated from a 2-year-old(More)
We examined sera from 42 patients 1 to 30 months of age for rotavirus immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgA, IgG, and IgG subclasses and sought to determine if serum antibody could serve as a reliable marker for prediction of disease severity. Infants in the first few months of life usually had high maternal IgG titers and, when they were infected with rotavirus, had(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-encoded glycoproteins bind peptide antigens through non-covalent interactions to generate complexes that are displayed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells (APC) for recognition by T cells. Peptide-binding site occupancy is necessary for stable assembly of newly synthesized MHC proteins and export from the(More)
INTRODUCTION Point-of-care (POC) CD4 testing can improve access to treatment by enabling decentralization and reducing patient loss-to-follow-up. As new POC CD4 technologies become available, their performance should be assessed before widespread deployment. This study reports the findings of five independent evaluations of the PointCare NOW CD4 system. (More)
BACKGROUND CD4 count is used to determine antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility. In China, flow cytometers are mostly located in urban areas with limited access by patients residing in remote areas. In an attempt to address this issue, we conducted a study to validate the performance of Alere PIMA point-of-care CD4 analyzer. METHODS Venous and(More)
PURPOSE Although cord blood surveillance can measure the effectiveness of nevirapine (NVP)-based programs for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT), it requires the ability to detect nevirapine in plasma. At present, the only validated method is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), a technique poorly suited for most(More)
The ability of intact protein antigens to bind to purified class II histocompatibility molecules was investigated. Intact bovine ribonuclease (RNase) inhibited peptide binding to DR1 with a potency similar to that of a high affinity peptide or irreversibly denatured RNase. Similarly, horse myoglobin (Mb) was a potent inhibitor of peptide binding to I-E(k).(More)