Larry E. Humes

Learn More
Three basic hypotheses regarding the speech-understanding difficulties of the elderly are reviewed: the peripheral, central-auditory, and cognitive hypotheses. Evidence obtained in our laboratory and in others is reviewed regarding the viability of each hypothesis. It is concluded that the strongest support exists for the peripheral hypothesis.(More)
In this review of recent studies from our laboratory at Indiana University, it is argued that audibility is the primary contributor to the speech-understanding difficulties of older adults in unaided listening, but that other factors, especially cognitive factors, emerge when the role of audibility has been minimized. The advantages and disadvantages of(More)
In the present study, the speech-recognition performance of 50 subjects aged 63 to 83 years was measured for a wide range of materials (nonsense syllables, monosyllabic words, sentences) and listening conditions (presentation levels of 70 and 90 dB SPL, both in quiet and in a noise background). In addition to complete audiologic evaluations, measures of(More)
The SCAN is a popular screening test that was developed to provide a rapidly administered, standardized method for determining the potential of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) in children between the ages of 3 and 11 years. It can be administered in 20 minutes with a portable stereo cassette player and contains three subtests: filtered words(More)
Five measures of temporal order judgments were obtained from 261 participants, including 146 elder, 44 middle aged, and 71 young participants. Strong age group differences were observed in all five measures, although the group differences were reduced when letter discriminability was matched for all participants. Significant relations were found between(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a word-based auditory-training procedure for use with older adults who have impaired hearing. The emphasis during training and assessment is placed on words with a high frequency of occurrence in American English. DESIGN In this study, a repeated-measures group design was used with(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to measure hearing aid satisfaction and usage for extended periods of time, up to 2 yr after hearing aid delivery, to determine whether longitudinal changes occur in the elderly for these outcome measures. DESIGN A longitudinal study of hearing aid satisfaction and usage was performed in a group comprised of 134(More)
This paper reports the aided and unaided speech-recognition scores from a group of 171 elderly hearing-aid wearers. All hearing-aid wearers were fit with identical instruments (linear Class-D amplifiers with output-limiting compression) and evaluated with a standard protocol. In addition to including multiple measures of speech recognition, an extensive set(More)
This study examined the performance of four subject groups on several temporally based measures of auditory processing and several measures of speech identification. The four subjects groups were (a) young normal-hearing adults; (b)-hearing-impaired elderly subjects ranging in age from 65 to 75 years; (c) hearing-impaired elderly adults ranging in age from(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a training program for hearing-impaired listeners to improve their speech-recognition performance within a background noise when listening to amplified speech. Both noise-masked young normal-hearing listeners, used to model the performance of elderly hearing-impaired listeners, and a(More)