Larry D Fromm

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Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) genes are transcribed selectively in synaptic nuclei of skeletal muscle fibers, leading to accumulation of the mRNAs encoding AChR subunits at synaptic sites. The signals that regulate synapse-specific transcription remain elusive, though Neuregulin-1 is considered a favored candidate. Here, we show that motor neurons and(More)
Gene expression in skeletal muscle is regulated by a family of myogenic basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins. The binding of these bHLH proteins, notably MyoD and myogenin, to E-boxes in their own regulatory regions is blocked by protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated phosphorylation of a single threonine residue in their basic region. Because electrical(More)
A common approach for mediating RNA interference (RNAi) is to introduce DNA that encodes short hairpin RNA (shRNA), which is often contained in a plasmid that can express a shRNA in a wide variety of cell types. Muscle cells and certain other cell types grown in culture can exist in both a dividing state and in a post-mitotic, differentiated state, and it(More)
Previous studies have shown that the adenovirus E1A oncoprotein can bind to and inactivate the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRb) and the transcriptional coactivators CBP/p300. In this study, wild-type E1A12S or two deletion mutants (delN, which binds pRb but not CBP/p300; delCR2, which binds to CBP/p300 but not pRb) were linked to the(More)
Localization of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) to the postsynaptic region of muscle is mediated in part by transcriptional mechanisms. An important way of regulating transcription is through targeting histone modifications on chromatin to distinct gene loci. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation, we examined the developmental regulation of certain histone(More)
Simian virus (SV) 40 large T antigen can both induce tumors and inhibit cellular differentiation. It is not clear whether these cellular changes are synonymous, sequential, or distinct responses to the protein. T antigen is known to bind to p53, to the retinoblastoma (Rb) family of tumor suppressor proteins, and to other cellular proteins such as p300(More)
Muscle spindles are sensory receptors embedded within muscle that detect changes in muscle length. Each spindle is composed of specialized muscle fibers, known as intrafusal muscle fibers, along with the endings of axons from sensory neurons that innervate these muscle fibers. Formation of muscle spindles requires neuregulin1 (NRG1), which is released by(More)
Localization of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) to neuromuscular synapses is mediated by multiple pathways. Agrin, which is the signal for one pathway, stimulates a redistribution of previously unlocalized AChRs to synaptic sites. The signal for a second pathway is not known, but this signal stimulates selective transcription of AChR genes in myofiber(More)
Muscle spindles are sensory receptors composed of specialized muscle fibers, known as intrafusal muscle fibers, along with the endings of sensory neuron axons that innervate these muscle fibers. Formation of muscle spindles requires neuregulin1 (NRG1), which is released by sensory axons, activating ErbB receptors in muscle cells that are contacted. The(More)
Localization of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) to the postsynaptic region of muscle is mediated in part by transcriptional mechanisms, because the genes encoding AChR subunits are transcribed selectively in synaptic myofiber nuclei. Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a synaptic signal and induces transcription of AChRs in muscle cells. Signaling by NRG-1 is thought(More)