Larry D. Bacon

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The resolution of genes that determine resistance to disease is described using chicken lines maintained at the Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory (ADOL). This description includes a summary 1) of existing selected and inbred lines differing for resistance to viral-induced tumors, i.e., Marek's disease (MD) and lymphoid leukosis (LL), and of the use of(More)
Marek's disease (MD) is a lymphoproliferative disease caused by the MD virus (MDV), which costs the poultry industry nearly $1 billion annually. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting MD susceptibility, the inbred lines 6(3) (MD resistant) and 7(2) (MD susceptible) were mated to create more than 300 F2 chickens. The F2 chickens were challenged(More)
Marek's disease (MD) is a lymphoproliferative disease of chickens that costs the poultry industry approximately $1 billion annually. Genetic resistance to MD is gaining increased attention to augment vaccinal control as disease outbreaks occur more frequently. Previously, analysis of a 272 F2 White Leghorn resource population measured for many MD traits and(More)
Publications in which chickens of different B haplotypes were studied for differences in disease resistance or productivity traits are reviewed. The most prominent effects on diseases are those involving tumors, but other examples involving autoimmune disease and microbial infections not resulting in neoplasia or autoimmunity are also cited. Each referenced(More)
The molecular organization of the chicken major histocompatibility complex (B complex) is different from its mammalian counterparts (Guillemot et al. 1988). In contrast to the mammalian MHC, the B complex appears more compact with shorter distances occurring between class I (B-F) and class II (B-L) genes. The six class I (B-FI-VI) and five class II (B-LI-V)(More)
Transcriptionally active, MHC class I (MHCI) loci are located in two separate polymorphic genomic regions in the chicken called B and Y. The YMHCI gene sequences encode molecules with uncommon substitutions in the antigen-binding region indicating that YMHCI molecules are likely unique and may bind a specialized form of antigen distinct from that of other(More)
Experiments were conducted to establish whether B-haplotype genes that determine resistance to RSV-induced tumors would also influence resistance to Marek's disease and lymphoid leukosis. Matings of line 6(3) x 15(1) F3 or F4 breeders segregating for the Ea-B locus antigens that are markers for B2 and B5 haplotypes of the B major histocompatibility complex(More)
The linkage relationship and chromosomal locations of the major histocompatibility (B) complex and nucleolar organizers (18S + 28S ribosomal RNA genes) were studied in normal and aneuploid chickens. The Balloantigens were defined by hemagglutination, using monospecific alloantisera. A chicken having three B haplotypes was detected and used in test matings(More)
 The major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) haplotype in the chicken is generally determined by the use of alloantisera in a hemagglutination assay. This method restricts haplotype determination to antigens expressed on the surface of erythrocytes which includes class I (B – F) and class IV (B – G) antigens as well as any other polymorphic molecules on(More)