Larry C Stoner

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Studies on isolated perfused tubules of the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) have shown that the distal nephron is heterogeneous with respect to function (Stoner, 1977). In this study, the initial portion of the distal tubule (diluting segment) exhibited a voltage, positive in the lumen, and a net absorption of chloride. Since the chloride was(More)
Potassium loss was measured from individual microelectrodes filled with 3 M KCl. The potassium content of a distilled-water droplet into which a microelectrode was inserted for a known time interval was analyzed by helium-glow photometry. The rate of potassium loss from single microelectrodes (18-97 M omega) was within the detectable limits of this method.(More)
We are able to evert and perfuse rat cortical collecting tubules (CCT) at 37 degrees C. Patch-clamp techniques were used to study high-conductance potassium channels (maxi K) on the apical membrane. Under control conditions (150 mM Na+ and 5 mM K+ in pipette and bathing solutions), the slope conductance averaged 109.8 +/- 6.6 pS (12 channels), and reversal(More)
Patch clamp methods were used to characterize the channels on the apical membrane of initial collecting ducts from Ambystoma tigrinum. Apical membranes were exposed by everting and perfusing fragments of the renal tubule in vitro. Tubules were dissected from two groups of animals; one maintained in tap water, and the other kept in a solution of 50 mM KCl(More)
In order to determine the effect of acid lumen pH on renal tubular potassium transport, cortical collecting tubules were dissected from rabbit kidneys and perfused in vitro. When the pH of the perfusate was lowered from 7.4 to 6.8, potassium secretion into the tubule lumen decreased by an average of 47%. The transepithelial voltage increased from a mean(More)
We observed intermediate conductance channels in approximately 20% of successful patch-clamp seals made on collecting tubules dissected from Ambystoma adapted to 50 mm potassium. These channels were rarely observed in collecting tubules taken from animals which were maintained in tap water. Potassium-adaptation either leads to an increase in the number of(More)
Whole cell patch-clamp techniques were used to investigate amiloride-sensitive sodium conductance (G(Na)) in the everted initial collecting tubule of Ambystoma. Accessibility to both the apical and basolateral membranes made this preparation ideal for studying the regulation of sodium transport by insulin. G(Na) accounted for 20% of total cell conductance(More)
We have previously demonstrated that apical Na+ channels in A6 renal epithelial cells are associated with spectrin-based membrane cytoskeleton proteins and that the lateral mobility of these channels, as determined by fluorescence photobleach recovery (FPR) analysis, is severely restricted by this association (Smith et al., 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA(More)
We previously reported that exposure of aquatic-phase Ambystoma tigrinum to a solution containing 50 mM K+ (K+ adaptation) caused a nearly 10-fold increase in the number of detectable maxi K+ channels on the apical membrane of their initial collecting tubules. In apparent contradiction to the notion that maxi K+ channels contribute to K+ secretion, these(More)
Patch clamp methods were used to characterize sodium channels on the apical membrane of Ambystoma distal nephron. The apical membranes were exposed by everting and perfusing initial collecting tubules in vitro. In cell-attached patches, we observed channels whose mean inward unitary current averaged 0.39 +/- 0.05 pA (9 patches). The conductance of these(More)