Larry C H Park

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Huntington's disease (HD) is one of the few neurodegenerative diseases with a known genetic cause, knowledge that has enabled the creation of animal models using genetic manipulations that aim to recapitulate HD pathology. The study of behavioral and neuropathological phenotypes of these HD models, however, has been plagued by inconsistent results across(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor, cognitive and psychiatric manifestations. Since the mutation responsible for the disease was identified as an unstable expansion of CAG repeats in the gene encoding the huntingtin protein in 1993, numerous mouse models of HD have been generated to study(More)
Thiamine deficiency (TD) is a model of chronic impairment of oxidative metabolism and selective neuronal loss. TD leads to region-specific neuronal death and elevation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in macrophages/microglia in mouse brain. Identification of the initial site of neuronal death in the submedial thalamic nucleus allowed us to test(More)
Akt is a central regulator of cardiomyocyte survival after ischemic injury in vitro and in vivo, but the mechanisms regulating Akt activity in the postischemic cardiomyocyte are not known. Furthermore, although much is known about the detrimental role that the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) play in promoting death of cells exposed to various stresses,(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable disorder, prevalent from childhood through adulthood. Although the noradrenergic (NA) system is thought to mediate a portion of the pathophysiology of ADHD, genes in this pathway have not been investigated as frequently as those in the dopaminergic system. Previous association studies of one(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by severe behavioral, cognitive, and motor deficits. Since the discovery of the huntingtin gene (HTT) mutation that causes the disease, several mouse lines have been developed using different gene constructs of Htt. Recently, a new model, the zQ175 knock-in (KI) mouse, was(More)
Recent data from our laboratory have shown a regionally specific increase in lipid peroxidation in postmortem progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) brain. To extend this finding, we measured activities of mitochondrial enzymes as well as tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in postmortem superior frontal cortex (Brodmann's area 9; SFC) from 14 pathologically(More)
Altered energy metabolism is characteristic of many neurodegenerative disorders. Reductions in the key mitochondrial enzyme complex, the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), occur in a number of neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's Disease (AD). The reductions in KGDHC activity may be responsible for the decreases in brain(More)
Dichloroacetate (DCA) stimulates pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) activity and lowers cerebral lactate concentrations. In the R6/2 and N171-82Q transgenic mouse models of Huntington's disease (HD), DCA significantly increased survival, improved motor function, delayed loss of body weight, attenuated the development of striatal neuron atrophy, and(More)
Abnormal oxidative processes including a reduction in thiamine-dependent enzymes accompany many neurodegenerative diseases. Thiamine deficiency (TD) models the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which chronic oxidative aberrations associated with thiamine-dependent enzyme deficits cause selective neurodegeneration. The mechanisms underlying selective cell(More)