Larry C. Clark

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether a nutritional supplement of selenium will decrease the incidence of cancer. DESIGN A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cancer prevention trial. SETTING Seven dermatology clinics in the eastern United States. PATIENTS A total of 1312 patients (mean age, 63 years; range, 18-80 years) with a history(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the results (to January 1996, the end of blinded treatment) of the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer (NPC) Trial, a randomized trial of selenium (200 micro g daily) designed to test the hypothesis that selenium supplementation (SS) could reduce the risk of recurrent nonmelanoma skin cancer among 1312 residents of the Eastern USA. (More)
The Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial was a randomized, clinical trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of selenium as selenized yeast (200 microg daily) in preventing the recurrence of nonmelanoma skin cancer among 1312 residents of the Eastern United States. Original secondary analyses through December 31, 1993 showed striking inverse associations(More)
OBJECTIVE To test if supplemental dietary selenium is associated with changes in the incidence of prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHOD A total of 974 men with a history of either a basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma were randomized to either a daily supplement of 200 microg of selenium or a placebo. Patients were treated for a mean of 4.5 years and(More)
Interest in the chemopreventive effects of the trace element selenium has spanned the past three decades. Of >100 studies that have investigated the effects of selenium in carcinogen-exposed animals, two-thirds have observed a reduction in tumor incidence and/or preneoplastic endpoints (G. F. Combs and S. B. Combs, The Role of Selenium in Nutrition Chapter(More)
The Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial designed to test whether selenium as selenized yeast (200 microg daily) could prevent nonmelanoma skin cancer among 1312 patients from the Eastern United States who had previously had this disease. Results from September 15, 1983, through December(More)
Selenium supplementation has been shown for many years to work as an anticarcinogenic agent both in epidemiology and in in vitro studies. Selenium supplementation has recently been shown to decrease total cancer incidence. However, the mechanism of action of selenium as an anticarcinogenic agent has yet to be elucidated. Selenomethionine was the predominant(More)
The authors propose a procedure for the detection of significant clusters of chronic diseases, with particular reference to cancer. The procedure allows for variations in population density and avoids the problem of "post hoc" formation of hypotheses or self-defined populations. This accounts for several of the principal problems of cluster evaluations. The(More)
We consider the statistical modeling and analysis of replicated multi-type point process data with covariates. Such data arise when heterogeneous subjects experience repeated events or failures which may be of several distinct types. The underlying processes are modeled as nonhomogeneous mixed Poisson processes with random (subject) and fixed (covariate)(More)
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether plasma selenium concentration predicts the prevalence of adenomatous polyps of the colon and rectum. The source population for the study was 101 patients undergoing sequential colonoscopies at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tucson, AZ. The study population was then limited to the 48(More)