Larry B. Sorensen

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Recent studies have identified broadband phenomena in the electric potentials produced by the brain. We report the finding of power-law scaling in these signals using subdural electrocorticographic recordings from the surface of human cortex. The power spectral density (PSD) of the electric potential has the power-law form P(f ) approximately Af(-chi) from(More)
The study of human brain electrophysiology has extended beyond traditional frequency ranges identified by the classical EEG rhythms, encompassing both higher and lower frequencies. Changes in high-gamma-band (>70 Hz) power have been identified as markers of local cortical activity. Fluctuations at infra-slow (<0.1 Hz) frequencies have been associated with(More)
High gamma (HG) power changes during motor activity, especially at frequencies above 70 Hz, play an important role in functional cortical mapping and as control signals for BCI (brain-computer interface) applications. Most studies of HG activity have used ECoG (electrocorticography) which provides high-quality spatially localized signals, but is an invasive(More)
Neuronal responses are often characterized by the firing rate as a function of the stimulus mean, or the f–I curve. We introduce a novel classification of neurons into Types A, B−, and B+ according to how f–I curves are modulated by input fluctuations. In Type A neurons, the f–I curves display little sensitivity to input fluctuations when the mean current(More)
We report the results of our search for power-law electrical signals in the human brain, using subdural electrocorticographic recordings from the surface of the cortex. The power spectral density (PSD) of these signals has the power-law form P (f) ∼ f from 80 to 500 Hz. This scaling index χ = 4.0 ± 0.1 is universal, across subjects, area in the cortex, and(More)
Proteins are dynamic systems. Recent evidence demonstrates that they exist in a large number of conformational substates and can continuously move from one substate to another; motion of a small ligand inside a protein may be possible only through these conformational fluctuations. To test this idea, we study with flash photolysis the binding of CO to(More)
We present a novel method for detecting frequency-frequency coupling between the electrical output of cortical areas as measured by electrocorticography (ECoG), electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG), the biphase-locking value (bPLV). Our method is an extension of the well known phase-locking value (PLV) and is specifically sensitive(More)
We have used coherent, resonant, x-ray magnetic speckle patterns to measure the statistical evolution of the microscopic magnetic domains in perpendicular magnetic films as a function of the applied magnetic field. Our work constitutes the first direct, ensemble-averaged study of microscopic magnetic return-point memory, and demonstrates the profound impact(More)
Electrocorticographic spectral changes during movement show a behavioral inflection in the classic gamma band (30-70 Hz). We quantify this inflection and demonstrate that it limits classification accuracy. We call for the designation of a functionally defined band above it, which we denote the chi-band.
Variant rearrangements induced by external magnetic field in Fe–Pd FCT martensite transformed from FCC austenite single crystals have been investigated by means of optical microscopy. Fe–Pd single crystals in fully martensite state contain two large correspondence variants, and a kink due to {1 0 1} twinning is observed at the twinning boundary of the(More)