Learn More
Stewart's physicochemical approach was used to study the effects of pregnancy on acid-base regulation in arterialized blood. Responses of 15 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.1 +/- 0.2 wk) were compared with those of 15 nonpregnant controls (CG) at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ventilatory threshold (T(vent)). Hydrogen ion(More)
This study employed Stewart's physicochemical approach to quantify the effects of pregnancy and strenuous exercise on the independent determinants of plasma H+ concentration ([H+]). Subjects were nine physically active pregnant women [mean gestational age = 33 +/- 1 (SE) wk] and 14 age-matched nonpregnant controls. Venous blood samples and respiratory data(More)
This study determined the time course of changes in resting and exercising respiratory responses during the first half of human pregnancy, and examined the potential roles of plasma osmolality and the strong ion difference ([SID]) as mediators of pregnancy-induced increases in ventilation. Healthy active women (n = 11) were studied serially from 7 to 22(More)
This study examined the effects of human pregnancy on heart rate variability (HRV), spontaneous baroreflex (SBR) sensitivity, and plasma catecholamines at rest and during exercise. Subjects were 14 healthy, physically active pregnant women (PG; mean gestational age = 33.9 +/- 1.0 wk). Results were compared with an age-matched nonpregnant control group (NPG;(More)
This study examined the effects of menstrual cycle phase on ventilatory control. Fourteen eumenorrheic women were studied in the early follicular (FP; 1-6 days) and mid-luteal (LP; 20-24 days) phase of the menstrual cycle. Blood for the determination of arterial PCO(2) (PaCO(2)) , plasma strong ion difference ([SID]), progesterone ([P(4)]), and(More)
This study examined the effects of human pregnancy and advancing gestation on the intensity of respiratory discomfort (dyspnea) during cycle exercise. Fourteen pregnant women (PG) performed a progressive cycle ergometer exercise test involving 20 W/min increases in work rate to symptom limitation and/or a heart rate of 170-175 beats/min at 19.7+/-1.2 weeks(More)
This study examined the effects of human pregnancy on the central chemoreflex control of breathing. Subjects were two groups (n=11) of pregnant subjects (PG, gestational age, 36.5+/-0.4 wk) and nonpregnant control subjects (CG), equated for mean age, body height, prepregnant body mass, parity, and aerobic fitness. All subjects performed a hyperoxic CO2(More)
This study examined the role of pregnancy-induced changes in wakefulness (or non-chemoreflex) and central chemoreflex drives to breathe, acid-base balance and female sex hormones in the hyperventilation of human pregnancy. Thirty-five healthy women were studied in the third trimester (TM(3); 36.3+/-1.0 weeks gestation; mean+/-S.D.) and again 20.2+/-7.8(More)
We examined the effect of menstrual cycle (MC) phase on acid-base regulation and ventilatory control at rest in monophasic oral contraceptive (OC) users. Twelve healthy women (25+/-1 years; mean+/-S.E.) were tested during the inactive (IP; 5.1+/-0.2 days) and active (AP; 21.1+/-0.7 days) pill phase of the MC. Central and peripheral chemoreflex(More)
  • 1