Learn More
OBJECTIVE To design Canadian guidelines advising obstetric care providers of the maternal, fetal, and neonatal implications of aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises in pregnancy. OUTCOMES Knowledge of the impact of exercise on maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity, and of the maternal measures of fitness. EVIDENCE MEDLINE search from 1966 to(More)
This study determined the time course of changes in resting and exercising respiratory responses during the first half of human pregnancy, and examined the potential roles of plasma osmolality and the strong ion difference ([SID]) as mediators of pregnancy-induced increases in ventilation. Healthy active women (n = 11) were studied serially from 7 to 22(More)
Stewart's physicochemical approach was employed to investigate the safety of an average recreational and occupational activity (prolonged moderate exercise) on maternal acid-base homeostasis. The responses of 10 healthy, physically active pregnant women (PG, gestational age 34-38 weeks) were compared with those of 10 non-pregnant female controls (CG).(More)
Evidence-based guidelines indicate that regular prenatal exercise is an important component of a healthy pregnancy. In addition to maintaining physical fitness, exercise may be beneficial in preventing or treating maternal-fetal diseases. Women who are the most physically active have the lowest prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM), and prevention of GDM(More)
Effects of cycle ergometer conditioning (heart rate 143 +/- 2 beats/min, 25 min/session, 3 sessions/wk) during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy were studied in 18 healthy previously sedentary women. A nonexercising control group (n = 9) was also studied. Graded exercise tests were conducted for both groups at approximately 17, 27, and 37 wk of(More)
This study investigated the acute effects of two exercise intensities on three measures of appetite. Fifteen, 12-h-fasted, college-age males completed three experimental sessions in counterbalanced orders: no-exercise control; cycle exercise performed at 35% VO2max; and cycle exercise performed at 68% VO2max. Both exercise conditions involved a total energy(More)
PURPOSE To study the ventilatory effects of closely monitored cycle ergometer conditioning (HR target, 145-150 beats x min(-1); 25 min/session; three sessions per week) during the second and third pregnancy trimesters (TMs) in healthy human pregnancy. METHODS Subjects were 27 previously sedentary pregnant women (exercised group, EG). A sedentary control(More)
This study examined the effects of human pregnancy on heart rate variability (HRV), spontaneous baroreflex (SBR) sensitivity, and plasma catecholamines at rest and during exercise. Subjects were 14 healthy, physically active pregnant women (PG; mean gestational age = 33.9 +/- 1.0 wk). Results were compared with an age-matched nonpregnant control group (NPG;(More)
Stewart's physicochemical approach was used to study the effects of pregnancy on acid-base regulation in arterialized blood. Responses of 15 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.1 +/- 0.2 wk) were compared with those of 15 nonpregnant controls (CG) at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ventilatory threshold (T(vent)). Hydrogen ion(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of human pregnancy on metabolic and respiratory responses to maximal cycle ergometer testing and to test the hypothesis that the respiratory exchange ratio at maximal exercise and peak postexercise lactate concentration are lower in the pregnant compared with the nonpregnant state and that these effects are associated with(More)