Larry A. Sonna

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This review examines the effects of thermal stress on gene expression, with special emphasis on changes in the expression of genes other than heat shock proteins (HSPs). There are approximately 50 genes not traditionally considered to be HSPs that have been shown, by conventional techniques, to change expression as a result of heat stress, and there are <20(More)
This article emphasizes significant recent advances regarding heat stress and its impact on exercise performance, adaptations, fluid electrolyte imbalances, and pathophysiology. During exercise-heat stress, the physiological burden of supporting high skin blood flow and high sweating rates can impose considerable cardiovascular strain and initiate a cascade(More)
We studied the effect of heat shock on gene expression by normal human cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from healthy adults. Paired samples from each subject were subjected to either 20 min of heat shock (43 degrees C) or control (37 degrees C) conditions and then returned to 37 degrees C. RNA was isolated 160 min later, and(More)
PURPOSE We sought to determine the effects of a communication process that was designed to encourage the use of advanced supportive technology when it is of benefit, but to limit its burdens when it is ineffective. We compared usual care with a proactive, multidisciplinary method of communicating that prospectively identified for patients and families the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous genetic studies have associated the region of the human genome (14q22.1) containing the gene for the prostanoid DP receptor (PTGDR) with asthma. A study of a mouse model suggests that the receptor is required for the expression of the asthma phenotype. Our associations of asthma with functional genetic variants of PTGDR link these(More)
This study examined gene expression changes associated with exertional heat injury (EHI) in vivo and compared these changes to in vitro heat shock responses previously reported by our laboratory. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) RNA was obtained from four male Marine recruits (ages 17-19 yr) who presented with symptoms consistent with EHI, core(More)
This article discusses the physiological, biochemical, and molecular properties of bacterial anion-exchange reactions, with a particular focus on a family of phosphate (Pi)-linked antiporters that accept as their primary substrates sugar phosphates such as glucose 6-phosphate (G6P), mannose 6-phosphate, or glycerol 3-phosphate. Pi-linked antiporters may be(More)
Phosphate/2-deoxyglucose 6-phosphate antiport in Streptococcus lactis showed an exchange stoichiometry that varied over a 2-fold range when assay pH was shifted between pH 8.2 and pH 5.2. At pH 7.0 and above, 2 mol of phosphate moved per mol of sugar phosphate; at pH 6.1 the ratio was 1.5:1, while at pH 5.2 the overall stoichiometry fell to 1.1:1. This(More)
This study examines the relationships between inflammation, surfactant protein (SP) expression, surfactant function, and lung physiology in a murine model of acute lung injury (ALI). 129/J mice received aerosolized endotoxin lipopolysaccharide [LPS] daily for up to 96 h to simulate the cytokine release and acute inflammation of ALI. Lung elastance (E(L))(More)
The full extent to which hypoxia produces gene expression changes in human cells is unknown. We used late-generation oligonucleotide arrays to catalog hypoxia-induced changes in gene expression in HepG2 cells. Five paired sets of cultures were subjected to either control (room air-5% CO(2)) or hypoxic (1% O(2)-5% CO(2)) conditions for 24 h, and RNA was(More)