Larry A Scher

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OBJECTIVE The incidence of postoperative hypertension (HTN) after eversion carotid endarterectomy (e-CEA) was compared with that after standard carotid endarterectomy (s-CEA). METHODS In a retrospective analysis from January 1998 to January 2000, 217 patients underwent 219 CEAs for symptomatic (68) or asymptomatic (151) high-grade (>80%) carotid artery(More)
PURPOSE Provision of lifelong angioaccess for hemodialysis generally requires multiple procedures. To extend the availability of each extremity as an access site, we have used the transposed basilic vein for fistula construction since 1988. Our purpose is to present our initial experience, with follow-up of 30 months. METHODS We have used the transposed(More)
A randomized, prospective, controlled study comparing autogenous saphenous vein and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts in infrainguinal arterial reconstructions has been initiated in three different institutions. A total of 446 operative procedures were divided into six groups, depending on the site of distal bypass insertion into the popliteal or an(More)
In a series of limb salvage bypass to the popliteal and infrapopliteal arteries, the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries were used preferentially to provide inflow if these vessels were no more than minimally diseased proximal to the site of bypass origin. Cumulative life-table patency rate at 6 years for popliteal bypasses was 66% for 290 cases(More)
Autologous saphenous vein (ASV) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts were compared in 845 infrainguinal bypass operations, 485 to the popliteal artery and 360 to infrapopliteal arteries. Life-table primary patency rates for randomized PTFE grafts to the popliteal artery paralleled those for randomized ASV grafts to the same level for 2 years and then(More)
Activation of the innate immune system, even by relatively innocuous stimuli, stimulates the release of cytokines (e.g. TNF) that can injure or kill the host. To maintain homeostasis, mammals have evolved a counter-regulatory response that suppresses the development of excessively robust inflammation. Fetuin, a 66-kD negative acute phase glycoprotein, was(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypogastric artery (HA) occlusion during aortic aneurysm repair has been associated with considerable morbidity. We analyzed the consequences of interrupting one or both HAs in the standard surgical or endovascular treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms (AIAs). METHODS From 1992 to 2000, 154 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (n = 66), iliac(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been shown to participate in both experimental and human atherogenesis. Expression of MMP-9 has been shown to play a role in the instability of atherosclerotic plaque. Thus, we hypothesize that MIF may participate in the destabilization of atherosclerotic plaques by stimulating MMP-9 expression. This(More)
During the past 15 years, we have employed a modified classification and management plan to treat infections involving nonaortic peripheral arterial prosthetic grafts (PAPGs) without graft removal whenever possible. Sixty-eight infected wounds potentially involving PAPGs were initially treated by excision of necrotic and infected wound tissue in the(More)
The role of noninvasive hemodynamic tests in the evaluation of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty success or failure was studied. The ankle-brachial pressure index and pulse volume recording amplitude were measured before and after 37 iliac and 46 femoropopliteal angiographically successful percutaneous transluminal angioplasties. Immediate evidence of(More)