Laron Walker

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The force-constancy hypothesis states that the user of a force-feedback device maintains a constant penetration force when stroking virtual surfaces in order to perceive their topography. The hypothesis was developed to address a real-world data perceptualization problem where the perception of surface topography was distorted when the surface stiffness was(More)
This study is concerned with the distorted perception of surface topography when both surface height and surface stiffness vary. Three psychophysical experiments were conducted using virtual surfaces rendered with a force-feedback device. In Exp. I, we found that the threshold for detecting a height difference between two adjacent planes was quite small(More)
This paper outlines major challenges that we are facing in interfacing a human user with objects in the nanoworld via a haptic interface. After a review of prior efforts at haptically-enabled nanomanipulation systems, we present the current state of our nanomanipulator system. We then discuss current research issues including the direct-Z mode, force(More)
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