Laron Walker

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The force-constancy hypothesis states that the user of a force-feedback device maintains a constant penetration force when stroking virtual surfaces in order to perceive their topography. The hypothesis was developed to address a real-world data perceptualization problem where the perception of surface topography was distorted when the surface stiffness was(More)
BACKGROUND The McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope might reduce the incidence of unexpected difficult tracheal intubation. If it also performs as well as a standard laryngoscope during uncomplicated intubations, there would be an argument for the McGrath to become the laryngoscope of choice in higher risk settings, such as rapid sequence induction by(More)
This study is concerned with the distorted perception of surface topography when both surface height and surface stiffness vary. Three psychophysical experiments were conducted using virtual surfaces rendered with a force-feedback device. In Exp. I, we found that the threshold for detecting a height difference between two adjacent planes was quite small(More)
This paper outlines major challenges that we are facing in interfacing a human user with objects in the nanoworld via a haptic interface. After a review of prior efforts at haptically-enabled nanomanipulation systems, we present the current state of our nanomanipulator system. We then discuss current research issues including the direct-Z mode, force(More)
Machine vision-based weighing of pigs is a non-intrusive, fast and relatively accurate approach that could reduce stress on both the animal and the stockman during the weighing process. An image-based walk-through system was developed in this study for pig liveweight approximation without having to restrain the pig to a certain area for stationary imaging.(More)
Sixty-four patients with stable angina pectoris were enrolled in a four-week, multicenter, office-based study to compare the adhesive properties of an patients' preferences for two transdermal nitroglycerin systems, Transderm-Nitro (TDN) and Nitro-Dur (ND). Each patient simultaneously wore one 0.2 mg/hr (formerly 5 mg/24 hr) TDN patch and one 0.2 mg/hr ND(More)
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