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Unilateral bite force was studied in 63 women and 59 men, 8-68 yr of age. The subjects had a minimum of 24 teeth and no symptoms or signs of disorders of the craniomandibular system. Bite force was stronger in men (522 N) than in women (441 N). It increased with age until 25 yr (P less than 0.0001). The level decreased significantly after this age in women,(More)
The present report is a detailed analysis of facial growth and oral function in a girl with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis of the temporomandibular joints. She was followed from 9 to 17 years of age prior to and after orthognathic surgery. Facial growth was assessed by facial photographs, dental casts, and roentgencephalometry, and oral function was assessed(More)
Activity in temporalis and masseter muscles, and traits of facial morphology and occlusal stability were studied in 22 patients (19 women, 3 men; 15-45 yr of age) with anterior open bite and symptoms and signs of craniomandibular disorders. Facial morphology was assessed by profile radiographs, occlusal stability by tooth contacts, and craniomandibular(More)
Occlusal stability and mandibular elevator muscle function was studied in 25 women (20-30 yr of age). They had 27-32 fully erupted teeth with few treated occlusal surfaces, and craniomandibular function including mandibular mobility was normal. The aim was to analyze the influence of natural patterns of occlusal contact on electromyographic activity,(More)
Bite force and activity in temporal and masseter muscles during biting and chewing were recorded in 19 control subjects and 23 subjects with symptoms and signs of functional disorders of the craniomandibular system. The entire group comprised 13 men and 29 women, 14-63 yr of age. Maximal unilateral bite force was 480 Newton (N) in control subjects and 387 N(More)
Histologic examination of muscle biopsies and functional examination comprising electromyography and force measurements in a 19-yr-old boy with muscular dystrophy showed different wasting patterns of mandibular elevator and depressor muscles. Pronounced histopathologic changes were present in the masseter muscle, whereas pathologic findings in the anterior(More)
Trigeminal sensory and motor responses to high-intensity electrical stimuli were studied in 10 healthy male subjects. During contraction at 10% of maximal bite force, late exteroceptive suppression periods assessed by EMG and bite force from masseter muscles were recorded together with evoked vertex potentials. Electrical stimuli were either delivered as 1(More)
We study the computational complexity of emptiness problems for circuits over sets of natural numbers with the operations union, intersection, complement, addition, and multiplication. For most settings of allowed operations we precisely characterize the complexity in terms of completeness for classes like NL, NP, and PSPACE. The case where intersection,(More)