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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a breathing disorder in sleep characterized by intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation, constitutes an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Investigating how this breathing disorder modulates immune responses may facilitate understanding one of the risk factors for atherosclerosis. T cells play a(More)
RATIONALE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), characterized by intermittent hypoxia/reoxygenation (IHR), is associated with atherosclerosis. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are implicated in atherogenesis by producing oxidizing radicals and proteolytic enzymes during PMN-endothelium interactions. PMN apoptosis is a fundamental, injury-limiting mechanism,(More)
T-lymphocytes are implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess whether the CD8+ T-lymphocytes of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients undergo phenotypic and functional changes that may exaggerate atherogenic sequelae in OSA. A total of 36 OSA patients, 17 controls and 15 single-night-treated OSA patients were(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Free radicals and adhesion molecules were implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis leading to cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, we investigated the link between CD15, CD11c, CD11b, and CD64 expression on leukocytes and their ability to generate(More)
Apoptosis of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) is a fundamental mechanism to halt inflammation. It limits the lifespan of PMNs and thereby decreases tissue injury. In PMNs, unlike in other cells, hypoxia profoundly inhibits apoptosis. However, most studies investigating hypoxic effects on the functioning of PMN focus on acute or chronic sustained hypoxia.(More)
Hypoxia-induced lymphocyte dysfunction may be implicated in endothelial cell damage in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome. gammadelta T cells' unique migration, cytotoxic features, and accumulation in atherosclerotic plaques are considered critical in cardiovascular disorders. We characterized the phenotype, cytokine profile, adhesion properties, and(More)
Natural killer cells (NKC) participate in the initiation of the immune response and coordination between innate and adaptive immune mechanisms. Their role in systemic inflammation induced by trauma or infection (sepsis) is still controversial. In the present study, lung NKC and their response to experimental sepsis were investigated. Mice were subjected to(More)
Gammadelta T cells link innate and adaptive immune systems and may regulate host defence. Their role in systemic inflammation induced by trauma or infection (sepsis) is still obscured. The present study was aimed to investigate functions of lung gammadelta T cells and their response to experimental sepsis. Mice were subjected to caecal ligation and puncture(More)
Prolonged neutrophil survival is evident in various cardiovascular and respiratory morbidities, in hypoxic conditions in-vitro and in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) characterized by nightly intermittent hypoxia (IH). This may lead to persistent inflammation, tissue injury and dysfunction. We therefore investigated by a translational approach(More)