Larissa Dyugovskaya

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Free radicals and adhesion molecules were implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis leading to cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, we investigated the link between CD15, CD11c, CD11b, and CD64 expression on leukocytes and their ability to generate(More)
RATIONALE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), characterized by intermittent hypoxia/reoxygenation (IHR), is associated with atherosclerosis. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are implicated in atherogenesis by producing oxidizing radicals and proteolytic enzymes during PMN-endothelium interactions. PMN apoptosis is a fundamental, injury-limiting mechanism,(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a breathing disorder in sleep characterized by intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation, constitutes an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Investigating how this breathing disorder modulates immune responses may facilitate understanding one of the risk factors for atherosclerosis. T cells play a(More)
Prolonged neutrophil survival is evident in various cardiovascular and respiratory morbidities, in hypoxic conditions in-vitro and in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) characterized by nightly intermittent hypoxia (IH). This may lead to persistent inflammation, tissue injury and dysfunction. We therefore investigated by a translational approach(More)
Apoptosis of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) is a fundamental mechanism to halt inflammation. It limits the lifespan of PMNs and thereby decreases tissue injury. In PMNs, unlike in other cells, hypoxia profoundly inhibits apoptosis. However, most studies investigating hypoxic effects on the functioning of PMN focus on acute or chronic sustained hypoxia.(More)
T-lymphocytes are implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess whether the CD8+ T-lymphocytes of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients undergo phenotypic and functional changes that may exaggerate atherogenic sequelae in OSA. A total of 36 OSA patients, 17 controls and 15 single-night-treated OSA patients were(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with a variety of nightly stresses, including intermittent hypoxaemia, oxidative stress and sleep fragmentation. Heat-shock proteins (HSPs) are upregulated in response to an array of environmental and metabolic stresses. We hypothesized that the OSA-related stresses would affect the expression of HSP70 in(More)
Hypoxia-induced lymphocyte dysfunction may be implicated in endothelial cell damage in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome. gammadelta T cells' unique migration, cytotoxic features, and accumulation in atherosclerotic plaques are considered critical in cardiovascular disorders. We characterized the phenotype, cytokine profile, adhesion properties, and(More)
Fibronectin (FN) is an extracellular matrix protein promoting cell proliferation, adhesion, and survival and is localized in the intimal layer of normal and atherosclerotic blood vessels. Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells located in healthy and diseased intima, and thus may predispose arteries to atherosclerosis. Besides their(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of hypertonic saline on bacterial translocation and the number and function of natural killer and T cells in controlled hemorrhagic shock. DESIGN Randomized controlled study. Duration of follow-up was 24 hrs. SETTING University research laboratory. SUBJECTS Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 310-390 g. (More)