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Pdcd4 (programmed cell death 4) gene is tumor suppressor which expression is frequently down-regulated in tumors, which is considered as a diagnostic and prognostic marker as well as promising target for anti-cancer therapy. Pdcd4 protein is a target for post-translational regulation by phosphorylation marking Pdcd4 for degradation. We questioned if Pdcd4(More)
Hyperexpression of p16(INK4a) protein is an early marker of cervical cancer. Hyperexpression of INK4a gene encoding this protein at the level of mRNA and p16(INK4a) was detected in tumor cells of some patients with bladder cancer associated with human papilloma virus-16. However, in contrast to cervical cancer, this phenomenon in urothelial carcinomas does(More)
Oncoprotein E7 HPV16 was detected by immunohistochemical staining with specific polyclonal antiserum [Fiedler et al., 2004] in 7 out of the 24 (29.2%) studied bladder cancer specimens. The result is in good agreement with the hypothesis that HPVs take part in the carcinogenesis of the urothelium. However, some of the observations made seem rather hard to be(More)
A female patient with recurrent bladder cancer underwent complex examination. The primary tumor removed in 2004 showed human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 DNA, mRNA corresponding to HPV16 oncogene E7, as well as HPV16 protein E7. The patient is a smoker who has been working at a chemical factory for over 20 years. During tumor recurrence in 2009, there was no DNA(More)
This report presents the initial results of the first Russian molecular epidemiological study of melanoma. The investigation included 1035 patients with stage IIIB-IV melanoma residing in various regions of Russia. Sequencing of BRAF gene revealed mutation in 627 (60.6%) tumors; c.1799T > A (p.V600E) substitution was detected in 563 cases, and other(More)
A correlation between the detection of proteins and an activity of the pathological process was analyzed in a study of the content of the C virus hepatitis (CVH) proteins in hepatic cells of patients with chronic C hepatitis (CCH). The expression of CVH proteins in frozen sections of biopsy samples of 69 CCH patients was evaluated by using the(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical carcinomas are second most frequent type of women cancer. Success in diagnostics of this disease is due to the use of Pap-test (cytological smear analysis). However Pap-test gives significant portion of both false-positive and false-negative conclusions. Amendments of the diagnostic procedure are desirable. Aetiological role of(More)
BACKGROUND High risk type human papilloma viruses (HR-HPV) induce carcinomas of the uterine cervix by expressing viral oncogenes E6 and E7. Oncogene E7 of HR-HPV disrupts the pRb/E2F interaction, which negatively regulates the S phase entry. Expression of tumor suppressor p16ink4a drastically increases in majority of HR-HPV associated carcinomas due to(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in male genital tract suggests its vertical transmission with spermatozoa and the development of a potentially dangerous fetal infection. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possibility of intracellular HCMV localization in male germ cells and to examine the effect of the virus on(More)