Lara Zafrani

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Neutropenic episodes in kidney transplant patients are poorly characterized. In this retrospective study, neutropenia was experienced by 112/395 patients (28%) during the first year posttransplant. The only factor found to be significantly associated with the occurrence of neutropenia was combined tacrolimus-mycophenolate therapy (p < 0.001). Neutropenic(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal chemotherapy with minimal toxicity is the main determinant of complete remission in patients with newly diagnosed hematological malignancies. Acute organ dysfunctions may impair the patient's ability to receive optimal chemotherapy. DESIGN AND METHODS To compare 6-month complete remission rates in patients with and without acute kidney(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the setting of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is poorly characterized. This study aims to describe the incidence, clinical and biological features, and outcome associated with AKI in this population. STUDY DESIGN Case series. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS Patients with secondary HLH admitted to a single center(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic known or unknown interstitial lung disease (ILD) may present with severe respiratory flares that require intensive management. Outcome data in these patients are scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS Clinical and radiological features were collected in 83 patients with ILD-associated acute respiratory failure (ARF). Determinants of(More)
BACKGROUND Among patients with thrombotic microangiopathies, acute kidney injury (AKI) is the hallmark of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and is largely underestimated in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). OBJECTIVE We sought to report AKI features and outcomes in patients with TTP. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of 92(More)
Calpains are cytosolic calcium-activated cysteine proteases. Recently, they have been proposed to influence signal transduction processes leading to myocardial remodelling and heart failure. In this review, we will first describe some of these molecular mechanisms. Calpains may contribute to myocardial hypertrophy and inflammation, mainly through the(More)
RATIONALE Sepsis, a leading cause of death worldwide, involves widespread activation of inflammation, massive activation of coagulation, and lymphocyte apoptosis. Calpains, calcium-activated cysteine proteases, have been shown to increase inflammatory reactions and lymphocyte apoptosis. Moreover, calpain plays an essential role in microparticle release. (More)
Collapsing glomerulopathy is an aggressive kidney disease with rapid progression toward end-stage renal disease. Rare cases of de novo collapsing glomerulopathy have been reported during the post-transplant course and, in some instances, have been associated with renal graft vascular lesions. This finding raises the important question of whether ischemia(More)
BACKGROUND Strongyloides stercoralis may lead to overwhelming infestation [Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome (SHS)]. We aimed at describing a case series of patients admitted in intensive care unit (ICU) with SHS and report a literature review of such cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS Retrospective multicenter study of 11 patients admitted to the ICU of(More)
Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) in patients with metastatic cancer are poorly characterized. We recorded 17 patients who had TMAs associated with disseminated solid cancer in our intensive care unit over an 11-year period. We compared them with a group of 20 patients with proven idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura hospitalized during the same(More)