Lara Sanvito

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Naturally occurring CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells suppress the activity of pathogenic T cells and prevent development of autoimmune responses. There is growing evidence that TLRs are involved in modulating regulatory T cell (Treg) functions both directly and indirectly. Specifically, TLR2 stimulation has been shown to reduce the suppressive(More)
OBJECTIVES Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is often associated with cryoglobulinaemia (CG). Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a comparatively common complication of CG associated with HCV infection and it is thought to be attributable to nerve ischaemia. Only few HCV CG patients with PN have been reported. The recent finding of HCV RNA in nerve biopsy(More)
To investigate the signs of inflammatory processes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 51 AD patients (29 with mild and 22 with moderately severe dementia) and 51 age-matched healthy controls (HC), using flow cytometry to analyse the absolute number and the percentage of T, B and NK cells. We also studied(More)
OBJECTIVES Evidence that chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is an autoimmune disease was sought, by studying cellular and humoral immune responses to peripheral nerve myelin proteins. METHODS 40 CIDP, 36 healthy control subjects (HC) and subjects with non-immune mediated neuropathies (other neuropathies, ON) for antibodies(More)
Naturally arising regulatory T cells (Tregs) originate from the thymus and are characterised by the expression of Foxp3 as a key control gene for their development and function. Their pivotal role is maintaining immunological self tolerance. Recently, Tregs have been shown to express Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which are essential components of the innate(More)
BACKGROUND Potential target autoantigens in the demyelinating form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) include the myelin proteins PMP22, P0 and P2. METHODS We investigated immunoreactivity to P0, P2 and PMP22 proteins in 37 patients with GBS and 32 healthy controls. RESULTS Antibodies to PMP22 or P0 peptides were detected at presentation in only 5 out of(More)
Interferon-β (IFN-β) is known to expand regulatory CD56(bright) natural killer (NK) cells in multiple sclerosis (MS). In this cross-sectional study we show that MS patients treated with IFN-β alone or in combination with low-dose prednisolone displayed increased proportion of all NK cell subsets in the active phase of the cell cycle (Ki-67+). There was no(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common autoimmune demyelinating disorder in Western countries and can lead to permanent disability. Over the past decades remarkable progress has been made in providing new therapeutic strategies to tackle the burden of the disease. Oral drugs and monoclonal antibodies are the main innovative approaches that have been(More)
We produced a mouse monoclonal antibody using cDNA and peptide immunization against the putative second extra-cellular domain of human peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22). It reacted specifically with human PMP22 and not with other human myelin proteins and did not react with bovine, rat, or mouse PMP22. The antibody stained the compact myelin of human(More)
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a clinical syndrome of a chronic progressive or relapsing and remitting, symmetrical, sensory and motor radiculoneuropathy. The immune reaction in CIDP is characterised by selective inflammation of peripheral nerves and is probably due to the interaction of cellular and humoral responses.(More)