Lara Macchioni

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PURPOSE We investigated the effects of BTX-A on visceral afferent nerve transmission by measuring bladder tissue NGF levels in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity before and after intravesical treatment with BTX-A. We also compared the bladder tissue NGF content with clinical and urodynamic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 23 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is strongly expressed in vascular endothelial cells and perivascular inflammatory infiltrates in immunopathologic studies of Behçet's disease (BD) lesions. ICAM-1 genes may contribute to the inflammatory events responsible for the vessel damage in BD. We examined potential associations of ICAM-1 gene(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical characteristics of patients with "pure" remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting oedema (RS3PE) syndrome, and to investigate its relation with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to describe the anatomical structures affected by inflammation in pure RS3PE syndrome. (More)
BACKGROUND The cause of musculoskeletal symptoms in the proximal extremities of patients who have polymyalgia rheumatica is not completely understood. The diffuse and severe discomfort can only be partially explained by the mild joint synovitis that is observed in these patients. OBJECTIVE To determine the involvement of the synovial structures of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and clinical features of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) at diagnosis or during relapse/recurrence. To evaluate the usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) and ESR in the assessment of PMR activity. METHODS A prospective follow-up study on 177 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of shoulder corticosteroid injections in polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS Twenty consecutive patients with active PMR were randomized into a 7 month, double blind, placebo controlled study. Patients received either bilateral shoulder injections of 40 mg of 6-methylprednisolone acetate or placebo (1 ml(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that subacromial/subdeltoid bursitis is the most frequent shoulder lesion in polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). We evaluated whether shoulder ultrasonography (US) was as effective as MRI in the detection of this lesion and assessed the sensitivity and specificity of bilateral subacromial/subdeltoid bursitis in(More)
Confocal immunofluorescence analysis indicated a relatively high localization of group V secretory phospholipase A(2) (GV) in the nuclei of cultured PC12 and U251 astrocytoma cells. Here, we report the biochemical evidence for the presence of a secretory PLA(2) in the nuclei of neuronal and glial cells from rat brain cortex. Enzymic activity was determined(More)
Recent population-based studies have examined the incidence, prevalence, and survival rates of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Although there are still no completely satisfactory diagnostic criteria for PsA, Moll and Wright's criteria--although not a true classification/diagnostic scheme--are the most used. The sensitivity of these criteria is low(More)
Activation of brain mitochondrial phospholipase(s) A(2) (PLA(2)) might contribute to cell damage and be involved in neurodegeneration. Despite the potential importance of the phenomenon, the number, identities, and properties of these enzymes are still unknown. Here, we demonstrate that isolated mitochondria from rat brain cortex, incubated in the absence(More)