Lara Macchioni

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Activation of brain mitochondrial phospholipase(s) A(2) (PLA(2)) might contribute to cell damage and be involved in neurodegeneration. Despite the potential importance of the phenomenon, the number, identities, and properties of these enzymes are still unknown. Here, we demonstrate that isolated mitochondria from rat brain cortex, incubated in the absence(More)
The GL15 glioblastoma cell line undergoes viability loss upon treatment with bromopyruvate. The biochemical mechanisms triggered by the antiglycolytic agent indicate the activation of an autophagic pathway. Acridine orange stains acidic intracellular vesicles already 60 min after bromopyruvate treatment, whereas autophagosomes engulfing electron dense(More)
An autosomal dominant protein aggregate myopathy, characterized by high plasma creatine kinase and calsequestrin-1 (CASQ1) accumulation in skeletal muscle, has been recently associated with a missense mutation in CASQ1 gene. The mutation replaces an evolutionarily-conserved aspartic acid with glycine at position 244 (p.D244G) of CASQ1, the main sarcoplasmic(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effects of BTX-A on visceral afferent nerve transmission by measuring bladder tissue NGF levels in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity before and after intravesical treatment with BTX-A. We also compared the bladder tissue NGF content with clinical and urodynamic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 23 patients(More)
Confocal immunofluorescence analysis indicated a relatively high localization of group V secretory phospholipase A(2) (GV) in the nuclei of cultured PC12 and U251 astrocytoma cells. Here, we report the biochemical evidence for the presence of a secretory PLA(2) in the nuclei of neuronal and glial cells from rat brain cortex. Enzymic activity was determined(More)
Most cancer cells, including GL15 glioblastoma cells, rely on glycolysis for energy supply. The effect of antiglycolytic bromopyruvate on respiratory parameters and viability of GL15 cells was investigated. Bromopyruvate caused Δψ(m) and MTT collapse, ATP decrease, and cell viability loss without involving apoptotic or necrotic pathways. The autophagy(More)
Cytochrome c (cyt c), a component of the respiratory chain, promotes apoptosis when released into the cytosol. Cyt c anchorage within mitochondria depends on cardiolipin (CL). Detachment and release have been related to CL loss and peroxidation. We report that NaN3-dependent complex IV inhibition, accompanied by impairment of respiration, resulted in cyt c(More)
Using the rabbit as an animal model, this study evaluated the long-term effect of silver nanoparticles (NPs) administered intravenously (0.6 mg/kg bw) on reproductive activity and sperm quality. Semen analysis was performed by optical microscopy and sperm motility evaluation by computer assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). Mitochondria oxygen consumption, light(More)
The energy metabolism of tumor cells relies on aerobic glycolysis rather than mitochondrial oxidation. This difference between normal and cancer cells provides a biochemical basis for new therapeutic strategies aimed to block the energy power plants of cells. The effects produced by the energy blockers bromopyruvate (3BP) and lonidamine (LND) and the(More)
Tumor cells favor abnormal energy production via aerobic glycolysis and show resistance to apoptosis, suggesting the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction. The differences between normal and cancer cells in their energy metabolism provide a biochemical basis for developing new therapeutic strategies. The energy blocker 3-bromopyruvate (3BP) can eradicate(More)