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In a yeast two-hybrid screen using the full-length Akt as bait, we found that prohibitin 2 (PHB2) specifically interacts with Akt. The C terminus of Akt (amino acids 413-480) and a central region of PHB2 (amino acids 120-232) are responsible for their mutual interaction. PHB2 acts as a transcriptional repressor in cells. PHB2 interacts with both MyoD and(More)
INTRODUCTION Our objective in the present study was to determine the signaling pathway of interleukin 10 (IL-10) for modulating IL-17 expression in macrophages and the importance of this mediation in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS IL-10-knockout (IL-10⁻/⁻) mice and wild-type (WT) mice were immunized with chicken type II collagen (CII) to induce(More)
In this report, we identify myogenin as an important transcriptional target under the control of three intracellular signaling pathways, namely, the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase- (MAPK), calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase- (CaMK), and calcineurin-mediated pathways, during skeletal muscle differentiation. Three cis-elements (i.e., the E box,(More)
Under normal (full-strength) levels of calcium in hydroponics culture, alginate-derived oligosaccharides (ADOs) increased the activity of nitrate reductase (NR), glutamine synthetase (GS), glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), and endpeptidase (EP) in leaves by 4.04–14.41%, 23.57–190.12%, 103.44–265.21%, and 7.22–157.41% respectively compared to that in leaves of(More)
We have shown recently that by acting on the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR), TSH negatively regulates osteoclast differentiation. Both heterozygotic and homozygotic TSHR null mice are osteopenic with evidence of enhanced osteoclast differentiation. Here, we report that the accompanying elevation of TNFalpha, an osteoclastogenic cytokine,(More)
We have shown recently that by acting on the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR), TSH negatively regulates osteoclast differentiation. Both heterozygotic and homozygotic TSHR null mice are osteopenic with evidence of enhanced osteoclast differentiation. Here, we report that the accompanying elevation of TNF , an osteoclastogenic cytokine,(More)
Recently, the type of reactions driven by mechanical force has increased significantly; however, the number of methods for activating those mechanochemical reactions stays relatively limited. Furthermore, in situ characterization of a reaction is usually hampered by the inherent properties of conventional methods. In this study, we report a new platform(More)
OBJECTIVE In this cross-sectional study, we sought to assess the extent of internalized stigma among inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia in the People's Republic of China and to investigate whether education level correlated with the experience of stigma. METHODS Schizophrenia patients were evaluated using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale(More)
Many metabotropic receptors in the nervous system act through signaling pathways that result in the inhibition of voltage-dependent calcium channels. Our previous findings showed that activation of seven-transmembrane receptors results in the internalization of calcium channels. This internalization takes place within a few seconds, raising the question of(More)