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In this study, seven lactobacilli with a high degree of antagonistic activity against three pathogens and good adherence to HT-29 cells were selected. The ability of these seven lactobacilli to inhibit adhesion of Shigella sonnei to intestinal mucosa was studied on cultured HT-29 cells. Lactobacilli were added simultaneously with, before or after S. sonnei(More)
Class IIa bacteriocins are heat-stable, unmodified peptides with a conserved amino acids sequence YGNGV on their N-terminal domains, and have received much attention due to their generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status, their high biological activity, and their excellent heat stability. They are promising and attractive agents that could function as(More)
In the present study, a novel angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory peptide, P-2a2, was purified to homogeneity from walnut protein hydrolysate by ultrafiltration, consecutive column chromatography, and high-performance liquid chromatography. The purified peptide was characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass(More)
Cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11 CLA) producing bacteria have attracted much attention as novel probiotics which have shown beneficial effects on host health. However, bile salts are able to inhibit bacterial growth and c9, t11 CLA production. For recovering growth and c9, t11 CLA production of Lactobacillus acidophilus F0221 in the(More)
To elucidate whether the digestibility is responsible for the hypocholesterolemic action of rice protein, the effects of rice proteins extracted by alkali (RP-A) and α-amylase (RP-E) on cholesterol metabolism were investigated in 7-week-old male Wistar rats fed cholesterol-free diets for 3 weeks. The in vitro and in vivo digestibility was significantly(More)
In this study, we first tested the capacity for eight different salts as stress-mediated bioprocesses in the production of transglutaminase (TGase). A significant effect on the cell growth and TGase production was obtained with the highest yield of TGase being observed at 96 h of incubation (4.3 U/ml) when the basic medium was supplemented 0.10 M MgCl2, as(More)
Metastasis and recurrence of bladder cancer are the main reasons for its poor prognosis and high mortality rates. Because of its biological activity and high metabolic accumulation in urine, sulforaphane, a phytochemical exclusively occurring in cruciferous vegetables, has a powerful and specific potential for preventing bladder cancer. In this paper,(More)
A total of 91 lactobacilli were screened for antimicrobial activity against Shigella sonnei. Agar-well assay showed that 16 lactobacilli displayed strong antibacterial activity against S. sonnei. The nature of these antimicrobial agents were investigated and shown to be dependent on their production of organic acids. Adhesion tests showed that 6(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus MN-ZLW-002 was originally isolated from traditionally fermented Chinese dairy products. One of the strain-dependent characteristics of this bacterium is its ability to produce exopolysaccharides (EPSs). This study determined and analyzed the genome sequence of MN-ZLW-002. Its complete genome comprised 2,046 genes and 1,848,520(More)
Plasmids are widely distributed in different sources of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as self-replicating extrachromosomal genetic materials, and have received considerable attention due to their close relationship with many important functions as well as some industrially relevant characteristics of the LAB species. They are interesting with regard to the(More)