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Administration of biopharmaceutical products can generate immune response that may severely impact the safety or efficacy of the products. Immunogenicity evaluation, required by regulatory agencies, relies on well developed and validated assays. Key to such assay development is the determination of a cut point during assay validation. Although many methods(More)
We provide an explicit asymptotic method to evaluate the performance of different response-adaptive randomization procedures in clinical trials with continuous outcomes. We use this method to investigate four different response-adaptive randomization procedures. Their performance, especially in power and treatment assignment skewing to the better treatment,(More)
The Bliss independence model is widely used to analyze drug combination data when screening for candidate drug combinations. The method compares the observed combination response (Y(O)) with the predicted combination response (Y(P)), which was obtained based on the assumption that there is no effect from drug-drug interactions. Typically, the combination(More)
Biological products such as viral vaccines manufactured in cells contain residual DNA derived from host cell substrates used in production. It is theoretically possible that the residual DNA could transmit activated oncogenes and/or latent infectious viral genomes to subjects receiving the product, and induce oncogenic or infective events. A probabilistic(More)
We prove that fractional k-factors can be transformed among themselves by using a new adjusting operation repeatedly. We introduce, analogous to Berge's augmenting path method in matching theory, the technique of increasing walk and derive a characterization of maximum fractional k-factors in graphs. As applications of this characterization, several results(More)
Biotherapeutic proteins induce undesired immune responses that can affect drug efficacy and safety. For this reason, immunogenicity assessment is an integral part of drug development and is mandated by the regulatory authorities. Immunogenicity is typically evaluated by a tiered approach consisting of a screening assay followed by a competitive inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND The Problem formulation, Objectives, Alternatives, Consequences, Trade-offs, Uncertainties, Risk attitude, and Linked decisions (PrOACT-URL) framework and multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA) have been recommended by the European Medicines Agency for structured benefit-risk assessment of medicinal products undergoing regulatory review. (More)