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The grass carp is an important farmed fish, accounting for ∼16% of global freshwater aquaculture, and has a vegetarian diet. Here we report a 0.9-Gb draft genome of a gynogenetic female adult and a 1.07-Gb genome of a wild male adult. Genome annotation identified 27,263 protein-coding gene models in the female genome. A total of 114 scaffolds consisting of(More)
Gut microbiota typically occupy habitats with definable limits/borders that are comparable to oceanic islands. The gut therefore can be regarded as an 'island' for the assembly of microbial communities within the 'sea' of surrounding environments. This study aims to reveal the ecological mechanisms that govern microbiota in the fish gut 'island' ecosystem.(More)
Oryza meyeriana Baill is one of the three wild rice species found in Chiia.O. mcyeriana possesses valuable characteristics but is reluctant in cell culturein vitro. In a series of experiments, callus with no regeneration ability was induced from young panicle ofO. meyeriana. The callus was subcultured and propagated. Embryogenic cell clones were obtained(More)
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is an important species of freshwater aquaculture fish in China. However, grass carp reovirus (GCRV) can cause fatal hemorrhagic disease in yearling populations. Until now, a strategy to define the antigenic capacity of the virus’s structural proteins for preparing an effective vaccine has not been available. In this(More)
Toll-like receptor 22 (TLR22) is a fish-specific TLR which recognizes double-strand (ds) RNA and participates in the innate immune response through the Toll-IL-1R homology domain-containing adaptor protein 1 (TICAM-1). To further investigate how the innate immune system of teleosts responds to viral infections, we cloned the full-length cDNA sequence of(More)
The mammalian response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is mainly mediated by Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4). Fish and mammalian TLR4 vary; fish TLR4 ligands are unknown. Isolation of fish tlr4 genes is difficult due to their complex genomic structure. Three bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones containing grass carp tlr4 were obtained. Four tlr4 genes, with(More)
IPS-1, as the sole adaptor of RIG-I and MDA5, plays a central role in innate antiviral immunity. In this study, we investigated potential roles of IPS-1 in innate immunity and the domain-requirement of IPS-1 for its signaling in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Overexpression experiment showed that CiIPS-1 mediated IFN-I signal possibly dependent on(More)
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) is a very important aquaculture species in China and other South-East Asian countries; however, disease outbreaks in this species are frequent, resulting in huge economic losses. Grass carp hemorrhage caused by grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is one of the most serious diseases. Junction adhesion molecule A (JAM-A) is the(More)
Hemorrhagic disease of the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, is a fatal disease in fingerlings and yearlings caused by a reovirus, GCRV. RNA-seq data from four diseased grass carp tissues (gill, intestine, liver and spleen) were obtained at 2h before and six times after (2h, 24h, 48h, 72h, 96h and 120h) GCRV challenge. A total of 7.25±0.18 million (M)(More)
Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library is an important tool in genomic research. We constructed two libraries from the genomic DNA of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) as a crucial part of the grass carp genome project. The libraries were constructed in the EcoRI and HindIII sites of the vector CopyControl pCC1BAC. The EcoRI library comprised(More)