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The mammalian innate immune system is activated by foreign nucleic acids. Detection of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) in the cytoplasm triggers characteristic antiviral responses and macrophage cell death. Cytoplasmic dsDNA rapidly activated caspase 3 and caspase 1 in bone marrow-derived macrophages. We identified the HIN-200 family member and candidate lupus(More)
Immunohistochemical detection of increased levels of protein-associated nitrotyrosine has become widely used as a surrogate marker of in situ inflammation. However, the potential consequences of protein-associated nitrotyrosine formation in terms of cellular immune recognition has received surprisingly little attention. Using a well-defined(More)
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