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OBJECTIVE Positron emission tomography was used to investigate the neural substrates of normal human emotional and their dependence on the types of emotional stimulus. METHOD Twelve healthy female subjects underwent 12 measurements of regional brain activity following the intravenous bolus administration of [15O]H2O as they alternated between(More)
Memory distortions and illusions have been thoroughly documented in psychological studies, but little is known about the neuroanatomical correlates of true and false memories. Vivid but illusory memories can be induced by asking people whether they recall or recognize words that were not previously presented, but are semantically related to other previously(More)
An object's global, three-dimensional structure may be represented by a specialized brain system involving regions of inferior temporal cortex. This system's role in object representation can be understood by experiments in which people study drawings of novel objects with possible or impossible three-dimensional structures, and later make either(More)
BACKGROUND Variants of the apolipoprotein E allele appear to account for most cases of late-onset Alzheimer's disease, and persons with two copies of the epsilon 4 allele appear to have an especially high risk of dementia. Positron-emission tomography (PET) has identified specific regions of the brain in which the rate of glucose metabolism declines(More)
Recent functional imaging studies have begun to identify the neural correlates of emotion in healthy volunteers. However, studies to date have not differentially addressed the brain areas associated with the perception, experience, or expression of emotion during emotional arousal. To explore the neural correlates of emotional experience, we used positron(More)
The authors developed and tested a method for the noninvasive quantification of the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRglc) using positron emission tomography (PET), 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose, the Patlak method, and an image-derived input function. Dynamic PET data acquired 12 to 48 seconds after rapid tracer injection were summed to identify carotid(More)
To determine whether physical match between studied and tested items influences blood flow increases in the hippocampal formation associated with recognition memory, positron emission tomography (PET) was used to measure changes in regional cerebral blood flow while healthy volunteers made old/new judgements about line drawings of objects. Some objects were(More)
Implicit memory refers to nonconscious retrieval of past experience demonstrated by facilitation in test performance on tasks that do not require intentional recollection of previous experiences. Explicit memory, in contrast, refers to the conscious retrieval of prior information, as demonstrated during standard recall and recognition tasks. In this(More)
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