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The acid tolerance response enables Salmonella typhimurium to survive exposures to potentially lethal acidic environments. The acid stress imposed in a typical assay for acid tolerance (log-phase cells in minimal glucose medium) was shown to comprise both inorganic (i.e., low pH) and organic acid components. A gene previously determined to affect acid(More)
Esterification of cholesterol with [l-14 C]palmityl-CoA by an atherosclerotic cell-free homogenate was approximately 16-50-fold greater than that by a normal cell-free homogenate for a given amount of protein in the homogenate. This difference was due to hyperactivity of the cholesterol-esterifying system in the atherosclerotic cell-free homogenate rather(More)
Growth of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma induces hyperlipemia in mice. In the present study using male Swiss-Webster mice, we examined whether the usual elevations of plasma triglyceride levels in cancerous mice would occur in the absence of dietary fat. Hypertiglyceridemia developed at a similar rate and to a comparable degree in tumerous mice eating a fat-free(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) shows consistent cytotoxicity for melanoma cells in vitro but it is ineffective in clinical use at equivalent concentrations in vivo. This apparent paradox has been investigated by cell culture techniques and results quantified by cell number. In an in vitro model of high dose MTX therapy followed by leucovorin rescue (HD-MTX-LCR) there(More)
Cell growth survival studies have revealed that 7-OH methotrexate is two orders of magnitude less cytotoxic to human melanoma and human acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) cells in vitro than methotrexate. The influence of 7-OH methotrexate on methotrexate toxicity was investigated by studying cell growth in the presence of methotrexate and its 7-OH(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO)-derived hypochlorous acid induces changes in HDL function via redox modifications at the level of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). As 4F and apoA-I share structural and functional properties, we tested the hypothesis that 4F acts as a reactive substrate for hypochlorous acid (HOCl). 4F reduced the HOCl-mediated oxidation of the fluorescent(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence increasingly supports that prostate cancer is initiated by the malignant transformation of stem cells (SCs). Furthermore, many SC-signalling pathways are shown to be shared in prostate cancer. Therefore, we planned transcriptome characterisation of adult prostate SCs as a strategy to consider new targets for cancer treatment. METHODS(More)
5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) is a natural purine that is metabolized by methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP, E.C 2.4.2.28) in Eukarya and Archaea but generally not in bacteria. In this work, Rv0535, which has been annotated as a probable MTAP in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was expressed in and purified from Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The purified(More)
Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) is an important enzyme in purine metabolism and cleaves purine nucleosides to their respective bases. Mycobacterial PNP is specific for 6-oxopurines and cannot account for the adenosine (Ado) cleavage activity that has been detected in M. tuberculosis and M. smegmatis cultures. In the current work, two Ado cleavage(More)