Landon H. Sego

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In its most general form, a signature is a unique or distinguishing measurement, pattern, or collection of data that identifies a phenomenon (object, action, or behavior) of interest. The discovery of signatures is an important aspect of a wide range of disciplines from basic science to national security for the rapid and efficient detection and/or(More)
We present a mathematical framework for assessing the quality of signature systems in terms of fidelity, risk, cost, other attributes, and utility-a method we call Signature Quality Metrics (SQM). We demonstrate the SQM approach by assessing the quality of a signature system designed to predict the culture medium used to grow a microorganism. The system(More)
As data centers proliferate in size and number, the endeavor to improve their energy efficiency and productivity is becoming increasingly important. We discuss the properties of a number of the proposed metrics of energy efficiency and productivity. In particular, we focus on the Data Center Energy Productivity (DCeP) metric, which is the ratio of useful(More)
The Multi-Source Signatures for Nuclear Programs project, part of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) Signature Discovery Initiative, seeks to computationally capture expert assessment of multi-type information to assess nuclear activities through a series of Bayesian network (BN) models. Information types may include text, sensor output,(More)
Chemical and biological forensic programs rely on laboratory measurements to determine how a threat agent may have been produced. In addition to laboratory analyses, it may also be useful to identify institutions where the same threat agent has been produced by the same (or a similar) process, since the producer of the agent may have learned methods at a(More)
We carefully revisit our definition of a social media signal from previous work both in terms of time-varying features within the data and the networked nature of the medium. Further, we detail our analysis of global patterns in Twitter over the month of June 2014, detect and categorize events, and illustrate how these analyses can be used to inform(More)
Ensuring data quality and proper instrument functionality is a prerequisite for scientific investigation. Manual quality assurance is time-consuming and subjective. Metrics for describing liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) data have been developed; however, the wide variety of LC-MS instruments and configurations precludes applying a simple(More)
There are a variety of sensor systems deployed at border crossings and ports of entry throughout the world that scan for illicit nuclear material. These systems employ detection algorithms that interpret the output of the scans and determine whether additional investigation is warranted. In this work, we demonstrate an approach for comparing the performance(More)
Analyzing soils for contaminants can be costly. Generally, discrete samples are gathered from within a study area, analyzed by a laboratory and the results are used in a site-specific statistical analysis. Because of the heterogeneities that exist in soil samples within study areas, a large amount of variability and skewness may be present in the sample(More)
In an effort to validate and demonstrate response and recovery sampling approaches and technologies, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), along with several other agencies, have simulated a biothreat agent release within a facility at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) on two separate occasions in the fall of 2007 and the fall of 2008. Because these(More)