Lance R. Mytton

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Through the use of a single, random 15mer as a primer, between 1 and 12 DNA amplification products were obtained per strain from a selection of 84 Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium isolates. A principal-coordinate analysis was used to analyse the resulting amplified DNA profiles and it was possible to assign isolates to specific groupings. Within the species(More)
Eight varieties of Vicia faba were examined in association with a standard strain of Rhizobium leguminosarum and also with the application of mineral nitrogen. Large differences in dry matter yield, nitrogen percentage and total nitrogen uptake were apparent between varieties and between rhizobium and mineral nitrogen treatments; the interaction was also(More)
Nitrogen limitations to the yield of a field crop ofVicia faba have been examined. Application of nitrogen totalling 560 kg/ha increased dry matter yield at flowering by 674 kg/ha (32%) and grain yield at final harvest by 1.6 tonnes/ha (24%). Attempts to reduce nitrogen limitations by replacing the native rhizobia with strains ofRhizobium leguminosarum(More)
The use of single random primers, selected in the absence of target sequence information, has been shown to be effective in producing DNA amplifications that provide fingerprints which are unique to individual organisms. DNA amplification by random priming was applied to the DNA from isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii. Amplification(More)
This article is in response to that of Vessey (1994) who argues that the traditional, closed acetylene reduction assay can still be a valuable tool for measuring relative differences in nitrogenase activity of legumes. To counter this assertion we consider the practical uses of the traditional assay procedure in relation to real research situations. This(More)
Six cultivars of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) were grown in all possible combinations with eight strains of Rhizobium meliloti in order to assess genetic variation in symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Host genotype and Rhizobium genotype effects on nitrogen fixation were respectively 4.8% and 21.0% of total phenotypic variance. Genetic variation due to host(More)
This paper examines evidence which quantifies the relative importance of legume and Rhizobium genotypes as determinants of phenotypic variation in symbiotic nitrogen fixation. It demonstrates potentially large and unpredictable effects of the Rhizobium genotype. The likely importance of such effects on crop yield is considered. The information is then used(More)
Sodium nitrate applications ranging from 0.36 to 22.84 mM N were shown to depress rates of nodule formation and reduce total nitrogen fixation (acetylene reduction) in white clover plants grown in aseptic test tube culture. Low nitrate levels gave an initial depression in symbiotic activity but the reduction was of short duration and these treatments were(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis produces a 65 kilodalton polypeptide toxin which is lethal to various coleopteran insect larvae. The gene encoding this toxin was cloned in E. coli in the broad host range vector pKT230 and subsequently transferred to Rhizobium leguminosarum by conjugation. Western blot analysis showed that the toxin gene was(More)