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Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), RF field (B(1)), and RF power requirement for human head imaging were examined at 7T and 4T magnetic field strengths. The variation in B(1) magnitude was nearly twofold higher at 7T than at 4T ( approximately 42% compared to approximately 23%). The power required for a 90 degrees pulse in the center of the head at 7T was(More)
Frequency-modulated (FM) pulses that function according to adiabatic principles are becoming increasingly popular in many areas of NMR. Often adiabatic pulses can extend experimental capabilities and minimize annoying experimental imperfections. Here, adiabatic principles and some of the current methods used to create these pulses are considered. The(More)
Most high-field MRI systems do not have the actively detuned body coils that are integral to clinical systems operating at 1.5T and lower field strengths. Therefore, many clinical applications requiring homogeneous volume excitation in combination with local surface coil reception are not easily implemented at high fields. To solve this problem for(More)
A technique is described for performing frequency-selective signal suppression with a high degree of tolerance to RF field inhomogeneity. The method is called B1-insensitive train to obliterate signal (BISTRO). BISTRO consists of multiple amplitude- and frequency-modulated (FM) pulses interleaved with spoiler gradients. BISTRO was developed for the purpose(More)
This work reports the preliminary results of the first human images at the new high-field benchmark of 9.4T. A 65-cm-diameter bore magnet was used together with an asymmetric 40-cm-diameter head gradient and shim set. A multichannel transmission line (transverse electromagnetic (TEM)) head coil was driven by a programmable parallel transceiver to control(More)
The use of body coils is favored for homogeneous excitation, and such coils are often paired with surface coils or arrays for sensitive reception in many MRI applications. While the body coil's physical size and resultant electrical length make this circuit difficult to design for any field strength, recent efforts to build efficient body coils for(More)
This work reports preliminary results from the first human cardiac imaging at 7 Tesla (T). Images were acquired using an eight-channel transmission line (TEM) array together with local B(1) shimming. The TEM array consisted of anterior and posterior plates closely positioned to the subjects' thorax. The currents in the independent elements of these arrays(More)
Carr-Purcell and Hahn spin-echo (SE) measurements were used to estimate the apparent transverse relaxation time constant (T2) of water and metabolites in human brain at 4T and 7T. A significant reduction in the T2 values of proton resonances (water, N-acetylaspartate, and creatine/phosphocreatine) was observed with increasing magnetic field strength and was(More)
OBJECT Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a malignant tumor of the central nervous system that directly suppresses immunological defenses in vitro and in vivo. The authors used the peripheral delivery of continuously infused granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the presence of irradiated tumor antigens as a tumor-specific stimulant to(More)
Detecting metabolites in breast lesions by in vivo (1)H MR spectroscopy can be difficult due to the abundance of mobile lipids in the breast which can produce spurious sidebands that interfere with the metabolite signals. Two-dimensional J-resolved spectroscopy has been demonstrated in the brain as a means to eliminate these artifacts from a large water(More)