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We have investigated the molecular changes which occur during pressure overload hypertrophy of the RV in swine. Animals were banded on the pulmonary artery so that right ventricular pressure was increased two-fold. The heart was harvested at 3, 7, 24 and 72 h after surgery. Between 7 and 72 h there was evidence of muscle damage and inflammation. Northern(More)
We have studied the relationships between hepatic lipase activity, smoking, dyslipidaemia insulin resistance, and early atherosclerosis in 67 Type 2 diabetic subjects, 47 non-smokers and 20 smokers. Insulin resistance was measured using an insulin modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test. Early atherosclerosis was assessed using(More)
Adult Sprague-Dawley male and female rats were exercise trained for five months by either treadmill running or swimming. Significant differences in left ventricular regional capillary density and myocyte cross-sectional area were found. In control rats the epicardial regions had greater capillary density than endocardial regions. Endocardial myocyte(More)
The effects of exercise conditioning on the myocardium were studied in seven instrumented pigs strenuously exercised for 12 wk by treadmill running. Data were compared with eight instrumented untrained pigs. O2 consumption measured during maximum exercise effort was significantly elevated in the trained pigs (71.7 +/- 4.0 vs. 56.3 +/- 3.0 ml X ml-1 X kg-1).(More)
The effects of pressure-overload hypertrophy (H) on myocardial blood flow and microvasculature were studied in the porcine left ventricle. Hypertrophy was produced in nine adult pigs by an aortic cuff constriction of the ascending aorta. Eight pigs served as controls. After 30 days the aortic cuff was released, and the hypertrophy group was studied 1 day(More)
In the early stages of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) acute adaptive changes occur in the coronary vasculature as it remodels. Plasminogen activators (PAs) and inhibitors (PAIs) have the potential effects of proteolytic degradation that is relevant to tissue remodeling and angiogenesis. Our study focused on the possible roles of PAI-1, PAI-2, and uPA in(More)
We investigated vascular adaptations occurring in progressive right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) in adult mini pigs. Fourteen mini pigs had progressive RVH induced by implanting an inflatable cuff on the main pulmonary artery for 1-5 months and were compared to a control group (N = 11). RVH animals were divided into two groups, a moderate RVH (MH) that had(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genotypes have been associated with hypertension in the general population. However, the relation of ACE genotype to the prevalence of hypertension in diabetic populations is less clear. This study investigated ACE genotypes in 100 patients with diabetes mellitus, of whom 41 were on anti-hypertensive medication. A(More)