Learn More
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the bisphosphonate compounds clodronate and etidronate to prevent ovariectomy-induced bone changes. Three-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats were either ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated (SHAM) and further divided into groups receiving either vehicle (n = 30), 25 mg/kg/week of clodronate (n = 25) or 25(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of clodronate to prevent ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteopenia in aged rats. Fourteen-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 166) were randomized into six groups. One group was sacrificed at the start of the study, four groups were ovariectomized, and one group was sham-operated (Sham). The OVX rats(More)
Survival, causes of death and hospitalization have been studied in 99 patients with the myelodysplastic syndrome. The median survival of the patients was 702 days, and the 10 year actuarial survival only 10 per cent, which is not significantly better than the corresponding figures in the remission stage of AML. Although MDS-patients who developed acute(More)
The collagen-induced arthritis model in rats was used to study the effect of disodium clodronate on inflammation and destruction of tarsal, metatarsal, and interphalangeal bones and joints. Female DA rats were immunized with heterologous type II collagen. Fourteen days after immunization, rats with similar scores were assigned to the different experimental(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare fasting serum lipid concentrations of subjects with schizophrenia with a comparison group. METHOD The study sample consists of 5654 members of the northern Finland 1966 birth cohort who participated in the field study with blood samples after overnight fasting and clinical examination in 1997-98. Total cholesterol (TC), high-density(More)
Twelve research groups participated in the ISOBM TD-3 Workshop in which the reactivity and specificity of 83 antibodies against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were investigated. Using a variety of techniques including cross-inhibition assays, Western blotting, BIAcore, immunoradiometric assays and immunohistochemistry, the antibodies were categorized into(More)
The ability of clodronate to prevent bone loss and weakening of bone strength was studied in adult rats with established osteopenia. Six-month-old female Sprague Dawley rats were randomized into 13 groups. One group was killed at the start of the study, nine groups were ovariectomized (ovx), and three groups sham-operated (sham). After 4 months, the ovx(More)
Daily oral clodronate treatment was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats for its ability to inhibit estrogen-deficiency-induced changes in femoral neck, femoral diaphysis, and lumbar vertebrae (L4-L5). Six-month-old ovariectomized (OVX) rats were administered by gavage a vehicle (Veh) or clodronate (100 or 500 mg/kg/day). Sham-operated (SHAM) control rats(More)
The present study was carried out to investigate the ability of clodronate to inhibit ovariectomy-induced bone loss and increased bone turnover in rats. Estradiol was administered as a reference compound. Seventy Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated (Sham) at the age of 90 days and divided into seven groups. Two Sham and two OVX(More)
For evaluating the long-term effects of the bisphosphonate compound clodronate on the rat skeleton, 100 female rats were given subcutaneous injections of clodronate at doses of 0 (vehicle), 4 (low), or 12 (high) mg/kg per week, or 50 mg/kg every fourth week (cyclical). The treatment was started at 3 months of age and was continued for 6 months. The(More)