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Corneal sensory and sympathetic nerves exert opposing actions on corneal mitogenesis and wound healing. The mechanisms by which these nerves exert their actions are unknown; however, the release of axonally transported neuropeptides has been postulated. In the present study, we investigated changes in innervation densities of calcitonin gene-related peptide(More)
After injections of horseradish peroxidase involving the whole primary (SI) and secondary somatosensory (SII) areas of adult cats, 16-21% out of 2220 counted neurons in the nucleus ventralis posterolateralis were unlabelled. The mean areas of perikarya of these neurons varied between 111.8 +/- 32.3 microns2 and 180.8 +/- 48.6 microns2. The size of perikarya(More)
Mutations in PKD1 cause dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD), characterized by large fluid-filled kidney cysts in adult life, but the molecular mechanism of cystogenesis remains obscure. Ostrom et al. [Dev. Biol., 219, 250-258 (2000)] showed that reduced dosage of Pax2 caused increased apoptosis, and ameliorated cystogenesis in Cpk mutant mice with(More)
The mammalian testes have several mechanisms to propel the nonmotile spermatozoa in the seminiferous tubules through the rete testis into the epididymis. These include (a) contractions of the testicular capsule and the seminiferous tubules and (b) fluid flow through the excurrent ducts resulting from active transport of fluids and electrolyte into the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the activation of NF-kappaB in the carrageenan rat air pouch model of inflammation in a time course experiment, and the effect of dexamethasone on NF-kappaB activation. METHODS Air pouch tissue treated with carrageenan (inflamed tissue) was obtained from rats killed at days 1, 2, 3, 6, 14, 21, 28 and 35 after carrageenan(More)
Contractions of rabbit testicular capsules in vitro and in vivo in response to prostaglandin F2a, epinephrine, and acetylcholine were measured in the presence of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). Contractions induced by these agents were markedly inhibited at 10-7 M concentrations of PGE1 in both preparations. Even so, lower levels of PGE1 (10-8 or 10-9 M)(More)
The sympathetic innervation of the mammalian cornea is thought to play an important role in the regulation of epithelial ion transport, mitogenesis, and wound healing following corneal injuries. Anatomically, the three-dimensional organization and relative density of corneal sympathetic innervation in many species remains inadequately described. In the(More)