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We study the complexity of winner determination in single-crossing elections under two classic fully proportional representation rules—Chamberlin–Courant's rule and Monroe's rule. Winner determination for these rules is known to be NP-hard for unrestricted preferences. We show that for single-crossing preferences this problem admits a polynomial-time(More)
Mutations of the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene have reportedly been associated with Parkinson disease (PD) in various ethnic populations such as Singaporean, Japanese, Formosan, Canadian, American, Portuguese, Greek, Brazilian, British, Italian, Ashkenazi Jewish, southern and southwestern Chinese. The purpose of this study is to determine in central China(More)
Classification is one of the key issues in the fields of decision sciences and knowledge discovery. This paper presents a new approach for constructing a classifier, based on an extended association rule mining technique in the context of classification. The characteristic of this approach is threefold: first, applying the information gain measure to the(More)
Mounting evidence suggests that several inventories assessing both normal personality and personality disorders measure common dimensional personality traits (i.e., Antagonism, Constraint, Emotional Instability, Extraversion, and Unconventionality), albeit providing unique information along the underlying trait continuum. We used Widiger and Simonsen's(More)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is characterized by incomplete formation of the diaphragm occurring as either an isolated defect or in association with other anomalies. Genetic factors including aneuploidies and copy number variants are important in the pathogenesis of many cases of CDH, but few single genes have been definitively implicated in human(More)
Evaluations of assessment instruments using classical test theory typically rely on indices of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity. However, the use of models from item response theory (IRT) allows comparison of instruments (and items) in terms of the information they provide and where they provide it along the continuum of(More)
This article reports on the development of short forms from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS™) Sleep Disturbance (SD) and Sleep-Related Impairment (SRI) item banks. Results from post-hoc computerized adaptive testing (CAT) simulations, item discrimination parameters, item means, and clinical judgments were used to select(More)