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The present study investigated the effect of systemic administration of the GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, on the development and expression of d-methamphetamine (d-MA)-induced place preference in male Wistar rats. Using a biased and 8-day schedule of conditioning, it was found that administration of d-MA (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) produced significant place(More)
The biology and behavior of bacteriophage lambda regulation have been the focus of classical investigations of molecular control of gene expression. Both qualitative and quantitative aspects of this behavior have been systematically characterized experimentally. Complete understanding of the robustness and stability of the genetic circuitry for the(More)
The use of neural stem cells (NSCs) or their progeny oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) represents a promising repair strategy for many neurological disorders. However, the molecular events and biological features during the transition from NSCs to OPCs remain unclear. In the present study, we isolated NSCs from the embryonic rat forebrain and induced(More)
Based on the recently developed dynamical structure theory for complex networks and the seminal work of Shea and Ackers in the 1980's, we formulate a transparent and concise mathematical framework for the gene regulatory network controlling phage λ life cycles, which naturally includes the stochastic effect. The dynamical structure theory states that the(More)
Based on our experience in kinetic modelling of coupled multiple metabolic pathways, we propose a generic rate equation for the dynamical modelling of metabolic kinetics. It is symmetric for forward and backward reactions. It's Michaelis-Menten-King-Altman form makes the kinetic parameters (or functions) easy to relate to experimental values in database and(More)
BACKGROUND A long-term existing schistosome infection can aid in maintaining immuno-homeostasis, thus providing protection against various types of autoimmune diseases to the infected host. Such benefits have often been associated with acute or egg stage infection and with the egg-induced Th2 response. However, since schistosome infection undergoes(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the culture system of isolation and cultivation of the neural stem cells (NSCs) from the embryonic rat brain and spinal cord. The methods of microscopic dissection, cell culture and immunofluorescence cytochemistry were used. The results are as follows. (1) In the presence of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and(More)
The biological effects of interleukin (IL)-1 are mediated by two distinct receptors, the p80 or type I (IL-1RI) and p68 or type II (IL-1RII) receptors. Because IL-1RII has a short, 29-amino acid cytoplasmic domain which may not be sufficient for signaling, there is considerable evidence indicating that IL-1 may signal exclusively through the IL-1RI(More)
Phage λ is one of the most studied biological models in modern molecular biology. Over the past 50 years quantitative experimental knowledge on this biological model has been accumulated at all levels: physics, chemistry, genomics, proteomics, functions, and more. All its components have been known to a great detail. The theoretical task has been to(More)
The effects of zinc chloride (ZnCl2), disodium zinc ethylenediamine tetraacetate (Zn-EDTA), and zinc gluconate (Zn-GLU) on the antioxidant enzyme activities and levels of interleukins (ILs) in psoriasis-induced mice were studied. One hundred twenty female mice were randomly divided into six groups with 20 mice in each group: the control, positive control(More)