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Resveratrol induces mitochondrial biogenesis and protects against metabolic decline, but whether SIRT1 mediates these benefits is the subject of debate. To circumvent the developmental defects of germline SIRT1 knockouts, we have developed an inducible system that permits whole-body deletion of SIRT1 in adult mice. Mice treated with a moderate dose of(More)
Rapamycin, an inhibitor of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), extends the life spans of yeast, flies, and mice. Calorie restriction, which increases life span and insulin sensitivity, is proposed to function by inhibition of mTORC1, yet paradoxically, chronic administration of rapamycin substantially impairs glucose tolerance and insulin(More)
Rapamycin, an inhibitor of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), has the strongest experimental support to date as a potential anti-aging therapeutic in mammals. Unlike many other compounds that have been claimed to influence longevity, rapamycin has been repeatedly tested in long-lived, genetically heterogeneous mice, in which it extends both mean and(More)
Rapamycin, an inhibitor of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), improves insulin sensitivity in acute studies in vitro and in vivo by disrupting a negative feedback loop mediated by S6 kinase. We find that rapamycin has a clear biphasic effect on insulin sensitivity in C2C12 myotubes, with enhanced responsiveness during the first hour that declines to almost complete(More)
AIM To explore the relevance of Maotai liquor and liver diseases. METHODS Epidemiological study was conducted on groups of subjects, each consisting of 3 subjects from the Maotai liquor group consisting of 99 individuals and one from the non-alcoholic control group consisting of 33 individuals. Liver biopsy was performed on 23 volunteers from Guizhou(More)
Escherichia coli F18 (ECF18) is a common porcine enteric pathogen. The pathogenicity of ECF18 bacteria depends on the existence of ECF18 receptor in the brush border membranes of piglet’s small intestinal mucosa. Alpha (1) fucosyltransferase gene (FUT1) has been identified as the candidate gene controlling the adhesion to ECF18 receptor. The genetic(More)
PURPOSE This study aims to investigate μ-calpain expression profiles in the anterior temporal neocortex in patients with intractable epilepsy, and to determine whether its pattern of expression is related to pathological changes seen in these patients. METHODS The study subjects consisted of 30 patients with intractable epilepsy and a control group of 10(More)
Aromatase or cytochrome P450 (CYP19) enzyme catalyzes the rate-determining reaction in estrogen synthesis. Inhibiting aromatase is a major strategy in treating breast cancer patients. However, suppression on the transcriptional activity may be equally important in controlling aromatase. Dietary flavones and flavonones have been previously demonstrated to be(More)
To clarify the early initial mechanism underlying the neurotoxicity of amyloid beta-protein (AbetaP) and the shorter essential active sequence in native AbetaP molecules, the effects of AbetaP31-35 and AbetaP25-35 on delayed rectifier K+ current (Ik) were investigated in the inside-out membrane patches excised from hippocampal neurons of rats. The results(More)