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We developed a methodology using 3D bio-printing technology to create a functional in vitro vascular channel with perfused open lumen using only cells and biological matrices. The fabricated vasculature has a tight, confluent endothelium lining, presenting barrier function for both plasma protein and high-molecular weight dextran molecule. The fluidic(More)
Kinesin-like proteins are integral to formation and function of a conserved mitotic spindle apparatus that directs chromosome segregation and precedes cell division. Ubiquitous to the mechanism of spindle assembly and stability are balanced Kinesin-5 promoting and Kinesin-14 opposing forces. Distinct Kinesin-14 roles in bipolarity in eukaryotes have not(More)
BACKGROUND The Maasai are the most widely known African ethnic group located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. Most spend their days either barefoot or in their traditional shoes made of car tires. Although they walk long distances of up to sixty kilometers a day, they do not suffer from any foot ailments. Little is known about their foot structure and gait.(More)
Microtubule-organizing centers such as the γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC) act as a template for polarized growth and regulation of microtubules that are essential for diverse cellular structures and processes in eukaryotes. New structural models of the budding yeast γ-tubulin small complex (γ-TuSC) of the γ-TuRC combined with functional studies done in(More)
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