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The discovery of the genes for nephrin and podocin, which are mutated in two types of congenital nephrotic syndrome, was pivotal in establishing the podocyte as the central component of the glomerular filtration barrier. In vivo the proteins have been localized to the podocyte slit diaphragm, and there is recent evidence for interaction between the two via(More)
Recent molecular insights have established the podocyte as a key component of the glomerular filtration barrier, and hence an important common pathway in proteinuric diseases. A conditionally immortalized human podocyte cell line has been developed by transfection with the temperature-sensitive SV40-T gene. These cells proliferate at the "permissive"(More)
The leading causes of albuminuria and end-stage renal failure are secondary to abnormalities in the production or cellular action of insulin, including diabetes and hyperinsulinemic metabolic syndrome. The human glomerular podocyte is a critical cell for maintaining the filtration barrier of the kidney and preventing albuminuria. We have recently shown this(More)
Insulin signaling to the glomerular podocyte is important for normal kidney function and is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study determined the role of the insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2) in this system. Conditionally immortalized murine podocytes were generated from wild-type (WT) and insulin receptor substrate(More)
The central role of the multifunctional protein nephrin within the macromolecular complex forming the glomerular slit diaphragm is well established, but the mechanisms linking the slit diaphragm to the cytoskeleton and to the signaling pathways involved in maintaining the integrity of the glomerular filter remain incompletely understood. Here, we report(More)
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is associated with glomerular podocyte injury. Podocytes undergo dramatic changes in their actin structure, with little mechanistic insight to date into the human disease. Post-transplantation recurrence of FSGS is the archetypal form of the disease caused by unknown circulating plasma 'factors'. There is increasing(More)
Angiogenesis is regulated by the balance of proangiogenic VEGF(165) and antiangiogenic VEGF(165)b splice isoforms. Mutations in WT1, the Wilms' tumor suppressor gene, suppress VEGF(165)b and cause abnormal gonadogenesis, renal failure, and Wilms' tumors. In WT1 mutant cells, reduced VEGF(165)b was due to lack of WT1-mediated transcriptional repression of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Podocytes are critical in maintaining the filtration barrier of the glomerulus and are dependent on the slit diaphragm. We hypothesized that disturbances of podocyte biology contribute to proteinuria in women with preeclampsia (PE). METHODS A human podocyte cell line was stimulated with serum from women with PE (patients) and healthy(More)
Glucocorticoids are widely used in the treatment of human glomerular diseases, but their mode of action is poorly understood particularly in steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome, which is most common in childhood and is characterized by a lack of inflammation in the kidney. The podocyte is a key cell in the glomerulus in health and disease: until recently,(More)
Glomerular endothelial cells (GEnC) are specialized cells with important roles in physiological filtration and glomerular disease. Despite their unique features, GEnC have been little studied because of difficulty in maintaining them in cell culture. We have addressed this problem by generation of conditionally immortalized (ci) human GEnC using technology(More)