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Recent molecular insights have established the podocyte as a key component of the glomerular filtration barrier, and hence an important common pathway in proteinuric diseases. A conditionally immortalized human podocyte cell line has been developed by transfection with the temperature-sensitive SV40-T gene. These cells proliferate at the "permissive"(More)
Angiogenesis is regulated by the balance of proangiogenic VEGF(165) and antiangiogenic VEGF(165)b splice isoforms. Mutations in WT1, the Wilms' tumor suppressor gene, suppress VEGF(165)b and cause abnormal gonadogenesis, renal failure, and Wilms' tumors. In WT1 mutant cells, reduced VEGF(165)b was due to lack of WT1-mediated transcriptional repression of(More)
The leading causes of albuminuria and end-stage renal failure are secondary to abnormalities in the production or cellular action of insulin, including diabetes and hyperinsulinemic metabolic syndrome. The human glomerular podocyte is a critical cell for maintaining the filtration barrier of the kidney and preventing albuminuria. We have recently shown this(More)
Glomerular endothelial cells (GEnC) are specialized cells with important roles in physiological filtration and glomerular disease. Despite their unique features, GEnC have been little studied because of difficulty in maintaining them in cell culture. We have addressed this problem by generation of conditionally immortalized (ci) human GEnC using technology(More)
The discovery of the genes for nephrin and podocin, which are mutated in two types of congenital nephrotic syndrome, was pivotal in establishing the podocyte as the central component of the glomerular filtration barrier. In vivo the proteins have been localized to the podocyte slit diaphragm, and there is recent evidence for interaction between the two via(More)
Podocytes are critical in maintaining the filtration barrier of the glomerulus and are dependent on the slit diaphragm (SD) proteins nephrin, podocin, and CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) to function optimally. The effects of normal human plasma and nephrotic plasma on podocytes were tested, focusing particularly on the SD complex. With the use of a(More)
Hemopexin is an abundant plasma protein that effectively scavenges heme. When infused into rats, hemopexin induces reversible proteinuria, and activated hemopexin is increased in children with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. These observations suggest a role for hemopexin in glomerular disease; in this study, the effects of active hemopexin on human(More)
The glomerular podocyte is a highly specialized cell, with the ability to ultrafilter blood and support glomerular capillary pressures. However, little is known about either the genetic programs leading to this functionality or the final phenotype. We approached this question utilizing a human conditionally immortalized cell line, which differentiates from(More)
Insulin signaling to the glomerular podocyte is important for normal kidney function and is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study determined the role of the insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2) in this system. Conditionally immortalized murine podocytes were generated from wild-type (WT) and insulin receptor substrate(More)
Reabsorption of filtered solutes from the glomerular filtrate and excretion of waste products and xenobiotics are the main functions of the renal proximal tubular (PT) epithelium. A human PT cell line expressing a range of functional transporters would help to augment current knowledge in renal physiology and pharmacology. We have established and(More)