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About 10% of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients develop malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) and represent considerable patient morbidity and mortality. Elucidation of the genetic mechanisms by which inherited and acquired NF1 disease gene variants lead to MPNST development is important. A study was undertaken to identify the(More)
BACKGROUND Large deletions of the NF1 gene region occur in approximately 5% of patients with neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) and are associated with particularly severe manifestations of the disease. However, until now, the genotype-phenotype relationship has not been comprehensively studied in patients harbouring large NF1 gene deletions of comparable(More)
Schwannomatosis is a third major form of neurofibromatosis that has recently been linked to mutations in the SMARCB1 (hSnf5/INI1) tumor suppressor gene. We analyzed the coding region of SMARCB1 by direct sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in genomic DNA from 19 schwannomatosis kindreds. Microsatellite markers in the(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are highly invasive soft tissue sarcomas that arise within the peripheral nerve and frequently metastasize. To identify molecular events contributing to malignant transformation in peripheral nerve, we compared eight cell lines derived from MPNSTs and seven normal human Schwann cell samples. We found that(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients have an 8-13% lifetime risk of developing malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) which have a very poor prognosis. In this study, cells from eight MPNSTs (six primary and two recurrences) of six clinically and genetically well-characterized NF1 patients were taken into culture. Tracing of loss of(More)
Forty-six of 93 children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) were found to satisfy the diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Detailed comparisons were made among 20 children with NF1 and ADHD (12 males, 8 females; mean age 10.7 years, SD 2.2), 26 control children with NF1 (15 males, 11 females; mean age 11.3 years, SD(More)
Autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (EPT; OMIM 600512) is a form of epilepsy characterized by partial seizures, usually preceded by auditory signs. The gene for this disorder has been mapped by linkage studies to chromosomal region 10q24. Here we show that mutations in the LGI1 gene segregate with EPT in two families affected by this disorder. Both(More)
Neurofibromas, the hallmark of neurofibromatosis 1, are composed mainly of Schwann cells and fibroblasts. Inactivation of both NF1 alleles is the cause of these benign tumors, but it is unknown which cell type is the progenitor. In this study, we selectively cultured Schwann cells from an NF1-associated neurofibroma. Fibroblasts were also obtained by(More)
PURPOSE Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant condition that predisposes to benign and malignant tumors. The lifetime risk of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) in NF1 is approximately 10%. These tumors have a poor survival rate and their molecular basis remains unclear. We report the first comprehensive investigation of DNA(More)
Histoanatomically invading astrocytoma cells appear to migrate along distinct structures within the brain. Astrocytoma invasion may occur along extracellular matrix (ECM) protein-containing structures, such as blood vessels, but most frequently occurs along tracts of myelinated fibers. This behavior most likely is a consequence of the use of constitutive(More)