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Metastasis frequently develops years after the removal of a primary tumor, from a minority of disseminated cancer cells that survived as latent entities through unknown mechanisms. We isolated latency competent cancer (LCC) cells from early stage human lung and breast carcinoma cell lines and defined the mechanisms that suppress outgrowth, support long-term(More)
GPR26 and GPR78 are orphan GPCRs (oGPCRs) that share 51% amino acid sequence identity and are widely expressed in selected tissues of the human brain as well as the developing and adult mouse brain. Investigation of the functional activity of GPR26 and GPR78 via expression in HEK293 cells showed that both proteins are constitutively active and coupled to(More)
A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degrading bacterium isolated from oil-polluted soil was identified as Microbacterium sp. F10a based on 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis. Plant growth promoting characteristics of the strain, degradation rate of phenanthrene and pyrene, and cell surface hydrophobicity characteristics of the strain were further characterized.(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) is an essential transcription factor in myocardial metabolism. This study aims to investigate the effects of PPARβ/δ activation in the adult heart on mitochondrial biology and oxidative metabolism under normal and pressure-overload conditions. We have investigated the effects of cardiac constitutively(More)
Further chemical investigation of the Chinese medicinal fungus Phellinus igniarius has resulted in the isolation and structural elucidation of three pyrano[4,3-c]isochromen-4-one derivatives, phelligridins H (1), I (2), and J (3), together with the known compounds davallialactone (4), scopolin, nebularine, uridine, trehalose, glucitol, and ethyl glucoside.(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in China. Given the ubiquitous nature of gene-to-gene interaction in lung carcinogenesis, we sought to evaluate five common polymorphisms from advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor (RAGE) and apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) genes in association with lung cancer among(More)
It is well documented that PPARα and PPARβ/δ share overlapping functions in regulating myocardial lipid metabolism. However, previous studies demonstrated that cardiomyocyte-restricted PPARβ/δ deficiency in mice leads to severe cardiac pathological development, whereas global PPARα knockout shows a benign cardiac phenotype. It is unknown whether a(More)
Vascular peroxidase 1 (VPO1) can utilize reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated from NADPH oxidase (NOX) to catalyze peroxidative reactions. This study was performed to identify a novel pathway of NOX/VPO1 in mediating the oxidative injury following myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR). In a rat model of myocardial IR, the infarct size, serum creatine(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to examine correlations of the islet-specific microRNA-375 expression to islet amyloid formation and pancreatic islet damage in human type 2 diabetes. METHODS Autopsy pancreas samples from 40 type 2 diabetic and 15 nondiabetic patients were used to detect microRNA-375 expression using real-time quantitative polymerase(More)
Activation of alpha1B-adrenergic receptors ((alpha1B)AR) by phenylephrine (PE) induces scattering of HepG2 cells stably transfected with the (alpha1B)AR (TFG2 cells). Scattering was also observed after stimulation of TFG2 cells with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) but not with hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor, epidermal growth factor, or insulin. PMA(More)