Lamphone Syhakhang

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The private sector is a dominant actor in the provision of pharmaceuticals, particularly in developing countries. Private provision of drugs has been associated with risks regarding availability, affordability, rational use and drug quality. Ensuring an effective regulatory framework is therefore a major challenge for governments, yet the capacity of(More)
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of government regulation of private pharmacy practice in a low-income country. Methods: The intervention comprised inspections of the pharmacies, information, and distribution of documents to drug sellers and sanctions. It was implemented at two different intensity levels, active and(More)
Aim: The aim was to study the practices of public and private pharmacies in the Savannakhet province, Lao PDR, in relation to defined aspects of good pharmacy practice (GPP) and rational use of drugs (RUD). Study design: The study design was cross-sectional using structured interviews and observations. A total of 105 drug sellers (31% and 4% had pharmacy(More)
Objective: To present a repeated test of the quality of ampicillin, tetracycline, chloroquine and ASA from private pharmacies in Laos in 1997 and 1999, and to discuss the quality in relation to the National Drug Policy Programme. Method: A total of 115 of 214 licensed private pharmacies were selected in Savannakhet province, a pilot province in the Lao(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe antimicrobial self medication for reproductive tract infections (RTI) including sexually transmitted infections (STI), and to explore the understanding and use of health information among the adult population self medicating with antimicrobials for RTI/STI in two provinces of Laos. This could contribute to quality improvement of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the rational use of drug (RUD) patterns with a focus on prescribing and dispensing practices for providing information to the policy makers for further planning and identifying intervention strategies. METHOD A cross-sectional study conducted by interviewing 370 presenting outpatients, checking records of 900 out- patients with any(More)
Counterfeit oral artesunate has been a major public health problem in mainland SE Asia, impeding malaria control. A countrywide stratified random survey was performed to determine the availability and quality of oral artesunate in pharmacies and outlets (shops selling medicines) in the Lao PDR (Laos). In 2003, 'mystery' shoppers were asked to buy artesunate(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of government regulation of private pharmacy practice in a low-income country. METHODS The intervention comprised inspections of the pharmacies, information, and distribution of documents to drug sellers and sanctions. It was implemented at two different intensity levels, active and(More)
An explosive development of private pharmacies in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao P.D.R.) has led to 80% of pharmaceuticals being provided by the private sector. In order to achieve the goal of access to good quality health care for all citizens, the Lao government is making an effort to regulate the private pharmaceutical sector using the(More)
In most developing countries, including the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), high prevalence of low quality drugs has been reported. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and perceptions regarding drug quality among drug sellers and consumers, in Savannakhet province, Lao PDR. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Fifty-nine drug(More)